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GB 13015-2017

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标准详细信息 GB 13015-2017; GB13015-2017
中文名称: 含多氯联苯废物污染控制标准
英文名称: (Standard for Pollution Control of Wastes Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
行业: 国家标准
字数估计: 9,944
发布日期: 2017-08-31
实施日期: 2017-10-01
旧标准 (被替代): GB 13015-1991
起草单位: 中国环境科学研究院
归口单位: 环境保护部
标准依据: 环境保护部公告2017年第44号;国家标准公告2017年第23号

GB 13015-2017
(Standard for Pollution Control of Wastes Containing Polychlorinated Biphenyls)
ICS
中华人民共和国国家标准
代替 GB 13015-91
含多氯联苯废物污染控制标准
Standard for pollution control on
Polychlorinated Biphenyls(PCBs)-contaminated wastes
2017-08-31 发布
2017-10-01 实施
环 境 保 护 部
国家质量监督检验检疫总局
发 布
目次
前言i
1 适用范围1
2 规范性引用文件1
3 术语和定义..1
4 含多氯联苯废物的类别2
5 含多氯联苯废物无害化管理技术要求2
6 含多氯联苯废物无害化处置污染控制要求.3
7 含多氯联苯废物无害化处置过程中的环境监测要求..4
8 安全防护与事故应急要求..4
9 实施与监督..5
i前言
为贯彻《中华人民共和国环境保护法》《中华人民共和国固体废物污染环境防治法》等法律、法规,
加强含多氯联苯废物的环境监督管理,规范含多氯联苯废物的清理、贮存、运输以及处理处置过程,制
定本标准。
本标准规定了含多氯联苯废物的类别,以及含多氯联苯废物清理、收集、包装、运输、暂存、贮存
及无害化处理处置全过程的环境保护要求。
本标准首次发布于 1991 年,本次为第一次修订。
此次修订主要内容如下:
重新定义了含多氯联苯废物;
增加了含多氯联苯废物类别规定,以及清理、包装、无害化处理处置、环境监测、安全防护与
事故应急的要求;
增加了水泥窑协同处置含多氯联苯废物的污染控制技术要求;
更新了含多氯联苯废物的监测分析方法。
自本标准实施之日起,《含多氯联苯废物污染控制标准》(GB 13015-91)废止。
本标准由环境保护部土壤环境管理司、科技标准司组织制订。
本标准主要起草单位:中国环境科学研究院、北京师范大学、沈阳环境科学研究院、清华大学、环
境保护部环境保护对外合作中心。
本标准由环境保护部 2017 年 5 月 27 日批准。
本标准自 2017 年 10 月 1 日起实施。
本标准由环境保护部解释。
1含多氯联苯废物污染控制标准
1 适用范围
本标准规定了含多氯联苯废物的类别,以及含多氯联苯废物清理、收集、包装、运输、暂存、贮存
及无害化处理处置全过程的环境保护要求。
本标准适用于含多氯联苯废物的分类、无害化管理及无害化处理处置全过程的污染控制及监督管
理。
多氯联苯含量小于 50 mg/kg 的废物按照一般工业固体废物进行无害化管理。
2 规范性引用文件
本标准内容引用了下列文件中的条款。凡是不注明日期的引用文件,其最新版本适用于本标准。
GB 5085.3 危险废物鉴别标准 浸出毒性鉴别
GB 5085.6 危险废物鉴别标准 毒性物质含量鉴别
GB 8978 污水综合排放标准
GB 12463 危险货物运输包装通用技术条件
GB 18484 危险废物焚烧污染控制标准
GB 18597 危险废物贮存污染控制标准
GB 18598 危险废物填埋污染控制标准
GB 30485 水泥窑协同处置固体废物污染控制标准
GB/T 16157 固定污染源排气中颗粒物测定与气态污染物采样方法
HJ 589 突发环境事件应急监测技术规范
HJ 2025 危险废物收集、贮存、运输技术规范
HJ/T 298 危险废物鉴别技术规范
《国家危险废物名录》 (环境保护部、国家发展和改革委员会、公安部令 2016 年第 39 号)
《危险废物转移联单管理办法》(国家环境保护总局令 1999年第 5号)
《危险废物经营单位编制应急预案指南》(国家环境保护总局公告 2007年第 48号)
《危险废物经营单位记录和报告经营情况指南》(环境保护部公告 2009年第 55号)
3 术语和定义
下列术语和定义适用于本标准。
3.1 含多氯联苯废物 PCBs-contaminated wastes
指列入《国家危险废物名录》,或者根据国家规定的危险废物鉴别标准和鉴别方法认定的含有多氯
联苯的危险废物。
3.2 含多氯联苯装置 PCBs-containing equipment
指以多氯联苯为介质的电力电容器、变压器及其他有关装置。
3.3 下线 PCBs-containing equipment not in service
2指含多氯联苯装置进入报废待处理状态。
3.4 表面浓度 surface concentration
指利用标准擦拭法对沾染多氯联苯的非孔隙介质,如金属、玻璃和釉面陶瓷等废物进行采样,并
3.5 标准擦拭法 standard wipe test
指用饱和含己烷的纱布或玻璃纤维快速擦拭不小于 100 cm2的尺寸样板,然后将擦拭后的纱布或玻
璃纤维密封存放于密闭瓶中。
3.6 清理 clean up
指对历史封存含多氯联苯废物的场所以及因突发事件被多氯联苯污染的场所中,含多氯联苯废物的
无害化清除过程。
3.7 应急 emergency action
指进行含多氯联苯废物清理、收集、贮存、运输、预处理、处置等有关活动时,因突发环境事
件需要立即采取的超出正常工作程序的行动,以最大程度减少突发环境事件及其造成的环境危
3.8 焚毁去除率 destruction and removal efficiency (DRE)
指焚烧炉及水泥窑处置过程中,投加的多氯联苯与残留在排放烟气中的多氯联苯质量之差,
占投加量的百分比。DRE 的表达式如下:
式中:Win-单位时间内投加的多氯联苯的总量,kg/h;
Wg-单位时间内随烟气排出的多氯联苯的总量,kg/h。
4 含多氯联苯废物的类别
含多氯联苯废物包括以下七个类别:
I.下线或封存的含多氯联苯装置;
II.液态多氯联苯或含多氯联苯的非水液态废物;
IV.异位无害化处置的含多氯联苯污染土壤;
V.含多氯联苯装置封存时的原始包装物;
VI.含多氯联苯装置封存时的原构筑材料,如水泥、岩石、矿渣、砖块等;
VII.含有或沾染多氯联苯的其它废物、物质和物品,如抹布、吸附材料、被污染的防护服、手套等。
5 含多氯联苯废物无害化管理技术要求
5.1 清理与收集
5.1.1 含多氯联苯废物封存点在清理工作开始前应设置警戒区域,并做好现场保护。清理和收集方案需
经论证并报所在地县级以上环境保护行政主管部门备案。
35.1.2 收集时应先回收含多氯联苯废物中的液态物质,再用吸附材料吸附,最后取出其中的固态物质,
5.1.3 收集区域应具备防雨设施,遇到恶劣天气情况如暴雨和大风天气等,应停止收集作业。
5.2 包装与运输
5.2.1 包装容器的选取应符合 GB 12463中 III 类包装要求,包装容器的标签应注明废物的类别。
5.2.2 液态废物宜采用双塞聚乙烯塑料桶或闭口钢桶。变压器等大型设备未发生泄漏时,应放于有边沿
的钢制托盘中,并放置吸附材料,若设备泄漏时应先将其中的油放出。
5.2.3 运输应遵守 HJ 2025及《危险废物转移联单管理办法》的相关要求。
5.3 暂存与贮存
5.3.1封存点清理的含多氯联苯废物不能及时运走时,应在清理区内设置暂存区。暂存区应具有防雨防
渗功能,地面防渗可采用抗渗混凝土或高密度聚乙烯膜(HDPE)及其他防渗材料。
5.4 无害化处置
5.4.1 焚烧处置
a)变压器应提前放油和拆解,电容器应在密闭切割装置内进行破碎预处理。污染水泥块、混凝土
等应在专用的贮存槽内进行破碎预处理。各种预处理装置均应在集气罩下运行,引出的气体经集中净化
装置处理达标后排放或引入焚烧系统进行焚烧处置。
b)焚烧炉的技术性能指标达应到 GB 18484 的技术要求,焚烧炉二燃室温度≥1200 ℃,烟气在二
燃室停留时间大于 2 s,多氯联苯焚毁去除率≥99.9999%。
5.4.2水泥窑协同处置
a)含多氯联苯废物水泥窑协同处置应满足 GB 30485 的相关技术要求。
99.9999%。
5.4.3 根据废物形态和污染程度不同,可采用热脱附、化学脱氯等其他处置技术处置含多氯联苯废物,
但无害化处置工程必须进行环境影响评价并获得同意批复后方可实施。
6 含多氯联苯废物无害化处置污染控制要求
6.1 含多氯联苯废物焚烧处置过程中的污染物排放应按照GB 18484要求执行,水泥窑协同处置过程中的
污染物排放应按照GB 30485的要求执行。
6.2 含多氯联苯废物填埋处置除应满足GB 18598入场要求外,填埋废物中多氯联苯的含量应≤10
4mg/kg。
6.3 含多氯联苯废物无害化处置过程中的废水排放除应满足GB 8978要求外,排放废水中的多氯联苯浓
6.4 含多氯联苯变压器在拆解进行无害化清洗后可以资源化利用,但其表面浓度应≤10 µg/100 cm2。
7 含多氯联苯废物无害化处置过程中的环境监测要求
7.1 处置企业应按照有关法律和规定对含多氯联苯废物无害化处置全过程开展污染排放监测。含多氯联
苯废物焚烧处置过程的监测按照 GB 18484 要求执行,水泥窑协同处置的监测按照 GB 30485 的要求执
行,突发环境事件的监测按照 HJ 589要求执行。
7.2 含多氯联苯废物清理前的监测包括多氯联苯污染边界、污染程度的监测;清理后的监测包括清理效
果监测。
7.3 含多氯联苯事故应急过程的监测包括处理前监测、过程监测及事故场地的后监测。其监测内容与含
多氯联苯废物清理的监测相同。
7.4.1 含多氯联苯的固态、半固态、液态废物的采样方法应参照 HJ/T 298进行。
7.4.2 气态污染物的采样应按照 GB/T 16157 进行。
7.5 固体废物中多氯联苯的分析方法暂时参照 GB 5085.3附录 N,待相应的固体废物分析方法标准颁布
后可替代引用。环境介质中多氯联苯的分析方法采用相关国家监测方法标准。
8 安全防护与事故应急要求
8.1 在对含多氯联苯废物进行无害化处置过程中应配备特殊的安全防护服装器材,根据现场情况选择防
渗手套、防渗靴、护目镜、防护服、呼吸器等个人防护设备。
8.2 从事含多氯联苯废物无害化处置的相关单位应参照《危险废物经营单位编制应急预案指南》制定应
急预案,配备必要的救援器材、设备,并定期组织演习。
散,及时通报可能受到危害的单位和居民,并立即向当地环境保护部门报告。事故现场清理后,责任方
应对多氯联苯造成的危害进行监测、评估其危害区域和程度,并向事发地县级以上环境保护行政主管部
门报告。
8.4 对含多氯联苯废物突发环境事件造成的危害进行监测、处置应符合国家相关环保要求。责任方应参
照《危险废物经营单位记录和报告经营情况指南》中事故记录和报告的要求,记录包括事故过程、污染
范围、污染程度、处置方法、处置效果等相关信息,记录的文件至少保留 10 年。
59 实施与监督
9.1 本标准由县级以上环境保护行政主管部门负责监督实施。
9.2 在任何情况下,含多氯联苯废物无害化处理处置设施均应遵守本标准的污染控制要求,采取必要措
样,将监测的结果作为判定排污行为是否符合排放标准以及实施相关环境保护管理措施的依据。



GB/T 13015-2017
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS
Replacing GB 13015-91
Standard for pollution control on Polychlorinated
Biphenyls (PCBs)-contaminated wastes
含多氯联苯废物污染控制标准
ISSUED ON. AUGUST 31, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON. OCTOBER 1, 2017
Issued by. Ministry of Environmental Protection of the People’s Republic
of China;
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword . 3 
1 Scope of application . 5 
2 Normative references .. 5 
3 Terms and definitions .. 6 
4 Categories of PCBs-contaminated wastes . 8 
5 Technical requirements for the harmless management of the PCBs-
contaminated wastes .. 8 
6 Pollution control requirements for the harmless disposal of PCBs-
contaminated wastes .. 10 
7 Environmental monitoring requirements during the harmless disposal of
PCBs-contaminated wastes . 10 
8 Safety protection and emergency response requirements . 11 
9 Implementation and supervision .. 12 
Foreword
To implement laws and regulations such as “Environment Protection Law of the People's
Republic of China” and “Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Prevention and
Control of Environmental Pollution Caused by Solid Wastes”, to strengthen the
environmental supervision and management of the PCBs-contaminated wastes, to
regulate the cleaning, storage, transportation and disposal processes of the
Polychlorinated Biphenyls-contaminated wastes, this Standard is formulated.
This Standard specifies the entire process’ environmental protection requirements of the
Polychlorinated Biphenyls-contaminated wastes, such as the process of cleaning,
collection, packaging, transportation, temporary storage, storage and harmless treatment
disposal.
This Standard was first published in 1991. This is the first revision.
The main contents of this revision are as follows.
- Redefine the PCBs-contaminated wastes;
- Add the category regulation of the Polychlorinated Biphenyls-contaminated wastes, as
well as the requirements for cleaning, packaging, harmless treatment disposal,
environmental monitoring, safety protection and emergency response;
- Add the technical requirements for the pollution control on co-processing of
Polychlorinated Biphenyls-contaminated wastes in cement kiln;
- Update the monitoring analysis methods for the Polychlorinated Biphenyls-
contaminated wastes.
Since the date of implementation of this Standard, the "Control standard on poly
chlorinated biphenyls for waste slags " (GB 13015-91) shall be abolished.
This Standard was formulated by the Department of Soil Environment Management and
the Department of Science, Technology and Standards of the Ministry of Environmental
Protection of the PRC.
The main drafting organizations of this Standard. Chinese Research Academy of
Environmental Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Shenyang Academy of Environmental
Sciences, Tsinghua University AND the Foreign Economic Cooperation Office of the
Ministry of Environmental Protection.
This Standard was approved by the Ministry of Environmental Protection on May 27, 2017.
This Standard is implemented as of October 1, 2017.
Standard for pollution control on Polychlorinated
Biphenyls(PCBs)-contaminated wastes
1 Scope of application
This Standard specifies the categories of Polychlorinated Biphenyls-contaminated wastes,
as well as the entire process’ environmental protection requirements of the Polychlorinated
Biphenyls-contaminated wastes, such as the process of cleaning, collection, packaging,
transportation, temporary storage, storage and harmless treatment disposal.
This Standard is applicable to the pollution control and supervision & management of the
entire process of classification, harmless management and harmless disposal of
For the wastes whose content of Polychlorinated Biphenyls is less than 50mg/kg, they shall
be performed the harmless management according to general industrial solid wastes.
2 Normative references
The following documents contain the provisions which, through reference in this Standard,
become the provisions of this Standard. For undated reference documents, the latest
versions apply to this Standard.
GB 5085.3 Identification standards for hazardous wastes - Identification for extraction
toxicity
GB 5085.6 Identification standards for hazardous wastes - Identification for toxic
GB 8978 Integrated wastewater discharge standard
GB 12463 General specifications for transport packages of dangerous goods
GB 18484 Pollution control standard for hazardous wastes incineration
GB 18597 Standard for pollution control on hazardous waste storage
GB 18598 Standard for pollution control on the security landfill site for hazardous wastes
GB 30485 Standard for pollution control on co-processing of solid wastes in cement kiln
4 Categories of PCBs-contaminated wastes
The PCBs-contaminated wastes include the following seven categories.
I. The PCBs-containing equipment not in service, or the sealed PCBs-containing
II. Liquid Polychlorinated Biphenyls or the non-aqueous liquid wastes containing the
Polychlorinated Biphenyls;
III. The immersion wastewater at sealed point of the PCBs-contaminated wastes, and
other cleaning wastewater;
IV. PCBs-contaminated soil which is performed by the ectopic and harmless disposal;
V. The original package when sealing the PCBs-containing equipment;
VI. The original building materials when sealing the PCBs-containing equipment, such
as the cement, rock, slag and brick;
VII. Other wastes, substances and articles, which contains or are contaminated with the
protective clothing and gloves.
5 Technical requirements for the harmless
management of the PCBs-contaminated wastes
5.1 Cleaning and collection
5.1.1 It shall set the alert area at the sealed point of the PCBs-contaminated wastes before
the start of the cleaning work, and the on-site protection shall be prepared well. The
cleaning and collection plan shall go through the verification, and it shall be recorded by
the administrative department of environmental protection above the county level.
5.1.2 When performing the collection, the liquid substances contained in PCBs-
adsorbent materials; finally, remove out the solid substances in it, and package them
respectively according to the categories of the wastes.
5.1.3 The collection area shall have rain protection facilities. If the severe weather
conditions occur, such as the heavy rain and windy weather, the collection operation shall
be stopped.
5.2 Packaging and transportation
chlorine shall not exceed 0.04%; the removal rate of the burning of Polychlorinated
Biphenyls shall be ≥ 99.9999%.
5.4.3 According to different waste forms and pollution degrees, other disposal technologies
PCBs-contaminated wastes; however, the harmless disposal project can be implemented
only after performing the environmental impact assessment and obtaining the approval.
6 Pollution control requirements for the harmless
disposal of PCBs-contaminated wastes
6.1 The discharge of pollutants from the process of incineration disposal of PCBs-
contaminated wastes shall be performed in accordance with the requirements in GB 18484.
The discharge of pollutants from the process of the co-processing of cement kiln shall be
performed in accordance with the requirements in GB 30485.
6.2 For the landfill disposal of the PCBs-contaminated wastes, in addition to meeting the
Biphenyls shall be ≤ 10mg/kg.
6.3 For the waste water discharge during the process of the harmless disposal of PCBs-
contaminated wastes, in addition to meeting the admission requirements of GB 8978. The
concentration of Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the discharged waste water shall be ≤
0.003mg/L.
6.4 The PCBs-containing transformers can be used for resources after being dismantled
for harmless cleaning, however its surface concentration shall be ≤ 10µg/100cm2.
7 Environmental monitoring requirements during the
harmless disposal of PCBs-contaminated wastes
process of harmless disposal of PCBs-contaminated wastes in accordance with relevant
laws and regulations. The monitoring of the incineration disposal process of PCBs-
contaminated wastes shall be performed in accordance with the requirements of GB 18484.
The monitoring of cement kiln co-disposal shall be performed in accordance with the
requirements of GB 30485. The monitoring of sudden environmental events shall be
performed in accordance with the requirements of HJ 589.
7.2 The monitoring of PCBs-contaminated wastes before cleaning includes the pollution
boundary of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, and the monitoring of pollution degree; the
monitoring after cleaning includes the monitoring of cleaning effects.
   
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