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GB 15235-2007

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GB 15235-2007 英文版 250 购买 现货,9秒内自动发货PDF,有增值税发票。 汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能 有效

   
标准详细信息 GB 15235-2007; GB15235-2007
中文名称: 汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能
英文名称: Photometric characteristics of reversing lamps for power-driven vehicles
行业: 国家标准
中标分类: T38
国际标准分类: 43.040.20
字数估计: 6,000
发布日期: 2007-11-01
实施日期: 2008-06-01
旧标准 (被替代): GB 15235-1994
引用标准: ECE R37; GB 4599; GB 4785; GB 15766.1
采用标准: ECE R23-2002, NEQ
起草单位: 上海汽车灯具研究所
归口单位: 全国汽车标准化技术委员会
标准依据: 国家标准批准发布公告2007年第12号(总第112号)
提出机构: 国家发展和改革委员会
发布机构: 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局、中国国家标准化管理委员会
范围: 本标准规定了汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能, 试验方法和检验规则。本标准适用于M、N和O类车辆使用的各种类型倒车灯。

GB 15235-2007
Photometric characteristics of reversing lamps for power-driven vehicles
ICS 43.040.20
T38
中华人民共和国国家标准
代替GB 15235-1994
汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能
2007-11-01发布
2008-06-01实施
中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局
中国国家标准化管理委员会发布
前言
本标准的全部技术内容为强制性。
本标准对应于联合国欧洲经济委员会ECER23-2002《关于机动车及挂车倒车灯认证的统一规
定》,一致性程度为非等效,主要差异如下:
---删除了管理条款;
---删除了“制造商生产一致性控制方法的最低要求”附件;
---删除了“检验员抽样的最低要求”附件;
---增加了检验规则。
主要技术要求,如:一般要求,配光性能,光色,试验方法等,则与上述法规一致。
本标准代替GB 15235-1994《汽车倒车灯配光性能》,与前版相比较主要变化如下:
---标准名称由前版《汽车倒车灯配光性能》改为本版《汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能》。
---修改了前版第2章“引用标准”和“术语”。
---修改了前版第4章的“倒车灯同一型式规定”,改为本版第4章的“倒车灯的不同型式”。
---删除了前版第6章“倒车灯使用的灯泡要求”,将“倒车灯使用的灯泡要求”进行修改,列入新版
第5.3条。
---修改了前版的第7章,增加以下内容:
1)对于指定只成对安装在车辆上的倒车灯,其配光性能测量时,向内的水平方向角只到30°为
止(即25cd);
2)增加h-h水平-5°以下最大发光强度应不大于8000cd;
3)增加了有关多光源倒车灯和使用不可更换光源倒车灯的要求。
---修改了前版第8章“试验方法”和第9章“检验规则”。
---增加了与光源模块相关的内容。
本标准实施之日起,GB 15235-1994废止。新申请型式检验的汽车及挂车倒车灯必须符合本
标准。
本标准实施的过渡要求:对于本标准实施前已通过型式检验的汽车及挂车倒车灯,给予24个月的
过渡期。
本标准由国家发展和改革委员会提出。
本标准由全国汽车标准化技术委员会归口。
本标准由上海汽车灯具研究所负责起草。
本标准主要起草人:陈蔼明,卜伟理。
本标准所代替标准的历次版本发布情况为:
---JB4151-1985;
---GB 15235-1994。
汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能
1 范围
本标准规定了汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能,试验方法和检验规则。
本标准适用于 M、N和O类车辆使用的各种类型倒车灯。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件中的条款,通过本标准的引用而成为本标准的条款。凡是注日期的引用文件,其随后所有
的修改单(不包括勘误的内容)或修订版均不适用于本标准,然而,鼓励根据本标准达成协议的各方研究
是否可以使用这些文件的最新版本。凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本适用于本标准。
GB 4599 汽车用灯丝灯泡前照灯
GB 4785 汽车及挂车外部照明和光信号装置的安装规定
GB 15766.1 道路机动车辆灯丝灯泡尺寸、光电性能要求(GB/T 15766.1-2000,idt IEC 60809:
1995)
ECER37 关于机动车及其挂车灯具认证用灯丝灯泡认证的统一规定
3 术语和定义
GB 4599、GB 4785和GB 15766.1中确立的术语和定义适用于本标准。
4 倒车灯的不同型式
在以下主要方面有差异的倒车灯:
---商标名称或商标;
---光学系统的特性(光强等级,光分布角,灯丝灯泡或光源模块的类型等)。
但是,灯丝灯泡颜色及配光镜颜色的改变不影响型式的变化。
5 技术要求
5.1 一般要求:倒车灯应设计和制造成在正常使用条件下,即使受到振动,仍能保证满足使用要求和符
合本标准规定。
5.2 在图1所示的区域内,倒车灯的光色应为白色,其色度特性应符合GB 4785规定。在该区域外,
倒车灯光色无明显变化。
5.3 可更换光源的倒车灯应使用符合GB 15766.1或ECER37规定的灯丝灯泡。
5.4 光源模块
5.4.1 光源模块即使在黑暗中也应能将其安装在正确位置上。
5.4.2 应有特定的结构或装置固定光源模块,使其不会松动。
5.5 配光性能
5.5.1 倒车灯在其基准轴线和基准轴线外不同方向上的最小发光强度,应不小于图1所示的数值(单
位为cd)。
5.5.2 对于指定只成对安装在车辆上的倒车灯,其配光性能测量时,向内的水平方向角只测量到30°
为止(即图1中25cd位置)。
5.5.3 在h-h水平面及其以上的任何测量方向上最大发光强度应不大于300cd;在h-h水平面以下至
-5°的测量方向上最大发光强度应不大于600cd,-5°以下最大发光强度应不大于8000cd。
度,应不小于该两个测量方向中较低发光强度的50%。
图1 发光强度分布范围
5.5.5 对于多光源的单灯,当任何一个光源失效时,仍应满足最小发光强度的要求;当所有的光源均点
亮时,应不大于最大发光强度。
6 试验方法
6.1 试验暗室、装置及设备,应符合GB 4599规定。
6.2 配光性能测量应使用相应类型的标准灯丝灯泡,并在规定的试验光通量下进行。若不符合要求
时,允许使用另一个标准灯丝灯泡重新测量。
6.3 配光性能测量前,应将光源以测量时的电压点亮,使其光性能趋于稳定。
6.5 对于多光源的倒车灯的配光性能测量:
6.5.1 对于不可更换光源或其他光源的倒车灯:
必要时,制造商应提供为此类光源所需的电光源控制装置,并在制造商规定的电压下进行测量。
6.5.2 对于可更换光源的倒车灯:
当使用灯丝灯泡,在13.5V或28.0V电压下进行测量时,必须修正所产生的发光强度值。规定的
试验光通量与试验电压(13.5V或28.0V)下的光通量平均值之比是修正系数。应使用每个实测光通
量与其平均值偏差不大于±5%的灯丝灯泡;或者,可以在每一个灯丝灯泡位置上,依次使用标准灯丝灯
泡,在规定的试验光通量下进行测量,并将每个位置上的测量结果相加。
6.6 配光性能的测量距离,应保证能应用光度学中的距离平方反比定律。
6.8 在图1中任何一个方向上测量时,其角度偏差应不大于15′。
6.9 测量角度的量度以基准轴线(由制造商确定)为基准。
6.10 色度检验应使用标准光源A(色温2856K)。对于不可更换光源的倒车灯,则应各自在13.5V
或28.0V电压下进行测量。
7 检验规则
7.1 倒车灯的不同型式按本标准第4章规定判定。
7.2 倒车灯应进行型式检验和生产一致性检验。符合以下7.3或7.4相应规定的,则认为该产品通过
型式检验或一致性检验。
7.3 型式检验
7.3.1.1 足以识别该型式倒车灯的图纸一式三份,并标明基准轴线(H=0°,V=0°),基准中心和安装
在车辆上的几何位置。
7.3.1.2 一份简明的技术说明书。除了不可更换光源的倒车灯外,应规定所使用的灯丝灯泡类型。
7.3.1.3 样灯两只(对于可更换光源的倒车灯,包括灯丝灯泡)。
7.3.2 每只样灯应符合本标准5.1、5.3和5.4规定。
7.3.3 按本标准第6章规定进行试验时,每只样灯应符合本标准5.2和5.5规定。
7.4 生产一致性检验
7.4.1 对型式检验合格的产品,用从批量产品中随机抽取的样灯来判定其生产一致性。
7.4.2 随机抽取的样灯应符合本标准5.1、5.3和5.4规定。
7.4.4 按本标准第6章规定进行试验时,随机抽取的样灯应符合本标准5.5要求,其中:
7.4.4.1 最小发光强度不小于本标准5.5.1规定值的80%;
7.4.4.2 最大发光强度不大于本标准5.5.3规定值的120%。

GB 15235-2007
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.20
T 38
Replacing GB 15235-1994
Photometric Characteristics of Reversing Lamps
for Power-driven Vehicles and Their Trailers
汽车及挂车倒车灯配光性能
ISSUED ON. NOVEMBER 1, 2007
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 1, 2008
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Application Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 5
4 Reversing Lamps of Different Types... 5
5 Specifications ... 6
6 Measurement Methods ... 7
7 Inspection Rules ... 8
Foreword
All technical content of this Standard is compulsory.
This Standard is corresponding to the United Nations Economic Commission for
Europe ECE R23-2002, Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Reversing
Lamps for Power-driven Vehicles and Their Trailers. The degree of consistency is non-
equivalent, with the major differences as follows.
-- the administrative articles are deleted;
-- the annex “Minimum requirements for conformity of production control procedures”
is deleted;
-- the annex “Minimum requirements for sampling by an inspector” is deleted;
-- the inspection rules are added.
The main specifications, including general specifications, photometric performance,
light colour and test methods, are consistent with the above-mentioned Regulation.
This Standard replaces GB 15235-1994, Photometric Characteristics of Reversing
Lamps for Motor Vehicles and Their Trailers; and compared with the previous edition,
the major changes of this Standard are as follows.
-- the standard name is changed from the previous edition Photometric
Characteristics of Reversing Lamps for Motor Vehicles and Their Trailers into the
current edition Photometric Characteristics of Reversing Lamps for Power-driven
Vehicles and Their Trailers.
-- the Normative References and Terms of Article 2 of the previous edition are
modified.
-- “Prescriptions on lamps of the same type” of Article 4 of the previous edition is
modified into “Lamps of different types” of Article 4 of this Standard.
-- “Requirements for the lamps used in reversing lamps” of Article 6 of the previous
edition is deleted, and “Requirements for the lamps used in reversing lamps” is
modified and included in 5.3 of the new edition.
-- Article 7 of the previous edition is modified, adding the content as follows.
1) In the case where the reversing lamp is intended to be installed on a vehicle
exclusively, the photometric intensity may be verified only up to an angle of 30°
inwards (the position of a photometric value of 25 cd in Figure 1);
2) In directions below the horizontal plane, the intensity of light emitted shall not
exceed 8 000 candelas below 5° D;
3) the requirements for lamps equipped with several light sources and lamps
equipped with non-replaceable light sources are added.
-- “Measurement Methods” of Article 8 and “Inspection Rules” of Article 9 of the
previous edition are modified.
-- the content concerning light source module(s) is added.
From the date of implementation of this Standard, GB 15235-1994 is abolished. The
reversing lamps of power-driven vehicles and their trailers submitted for new
application of type approval shall conform to this Standard.
The transitional requirements for the implementation of this Standard. for the reversing
lamps of power-driven lamps and their trailers which have passed the type approval
before the implementation of this Standard, a transitional period of 24 months is given.
This Standard was proposed by the National Development and Reform Commission.
Auto Standardization.
This Standard was drafted by Shanghai Research Institute of Auto Lamps.
The main drafters of this Standard. Chen Geming, Bu Weili.
The editions of the previous editions of the standard replaced by this Standard are as
follows.
-- JB 4151-1985;
-- GB 15235-1994.
Photometric Characteristics of Reversing Lamps for
Power-driven Vehicles and Their Trailers
This Standard specifies the photometric characteristics, test methods and inspection
rules of reversing lamps for power-driven vehicles and their trailers.
This Standard applies to all types of reversing lamps for vehicles of categories M, N
and O.
2 Normative References
The provisions in following documents become the provisions of this Standard through
reference in this Standard. For dated references, the subsequent amendments
(excluding corrigendum) or revisions do not apply to this Standard, however, parties
who reach an agreement based on this Standard are encouraged to study if the latest
of the referenced document applies.
GB 4599, Motor Vehicle Headlamps Equipped with Filament Lamps
GB 4785, Prescription for Installation of the External Lighting and Light-signalling
Devices for Motor Vehicles and Their Trailers
GB 15766.1, Lamps for Road Vehicles – Dimensional, Electrical and Luminous
Requirements
ECE R37, Uniform Provisions Concerning the Approval of Filament Lamps for Use
in Approved Lamp Units of Power Driven Vehicles and of Their Trailers
3 Terms and Definitions
4785 and GB 15766.1 apply.
4 Reversing Lamps of Different Types
Reversing lamps which differ in such essential respects as.
(a) the trade name or mark;
(b) the characteristics of the optical system, (levels of intensity, light distribution
angles, category of filament lamp, light source module, etc.);
A change of the colour of the filament lamp or the colour of any filter does not constitute
a change of type.
5 Specifications
that in normal use, despite the vibration to which they may then be subjected, they
continue to function satisfactorily and retain the characteristics prescribed by this
Standard.
5.2 The colour of the light emitted by reversing lamps inside the field shown in Figure
1 shall be white and its colorimetric characteristics shall be as prescribed in GB 4785.
Outside this field no sharp variation of colour shall be observed.
5.3 Lamps equipped with replaceable light sources shall be equipped with filament
lamps as prescribed in GB 15766.1 or ECE R 37.
5.4 Light source module
the light source module(s) can be fitted in no other position, but the correct one.
5.4.2 There shall be certain structures or devices to fix the light source module(s) to
ensure they are tamperproof.
5.5 Photometric performance
5.5.1 The minimum light intensity of reversing lamps in different directions on and
outside their reference axis shall not be less than the value (expressed in cd) shown
in Figure 1.
5.5.2 In the case where the reversing lamp is intended to be installed on a vehicle
exclusively, the photometric intensity may be verified only up to an angle of 30° inwards
5.5.3 The intensity of the light emitted on and above the h-h plane in all directions in
which the light can be observed shall not exceed.
300 candelas in directions in or above the horizontal plane;
and, in directions below the horizontal plane.
600 candelas between h-h and 5° D and
8,000 candelas below 5° D.
5.5.4 In the field shown in Figure 1, there is no substantial local variations of light
intensity, i.e. no intensity measured between two of the directions of measurement is
below 50% of the lower minimum intensity of the two prescribed for these directions of
Figure 1 – Light Intensity Distribution Range
5.5.5 In the case of a single lamp containing more than one light source, the lamp
shall comply with the minimum intensity required when any one light source has failed
and when all light sources are illuminated the maximum intensities shall not be
exceeded.
6 Measurement Methods
6.1 The test darkroom, apparatus and equipment shall be as prescribed in GB 4599.
6.2 The photometric performance measurement shall be conducted using the
standard filament lamps of corresponding types and the measurement shall be
not meet the requirements, tests on lamps shall be repeated using another standard
filament lamp.
6.3 Before the photometric performance measurement, the light sources shall be
illuminated at the voltage of measurement to make their optical performance become
stable.
6.4 All measurements for the photometric performance shall be made at 13.5 V or
28.0 V respectively, for the reversing lamps equipped with non-replaceable light
sources.
6.5 Photometric measurement of lamps equipped with several light sources
   
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