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GB 19304-2018

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标准编号: GB 19304-2018 (GB19304-2018)
中文名称: 食品安全国家标准 包装饮用水生产卫生规范
英文名称: National food safety standard - Hygienic specifications for packaging drinking water production
行业: 国家标准
中标分类: X09
发布日期: 2018-06-21
实施日期: 2019-06-21
旧标准 (被替代): GB 19304-2003; GB 16330-1996
标准依据: 国家卫生健康委员会公告2018年第5号

GB 19304-2018
National food safety standard - Hygienic specifications for packaging drinking water production
中华人民共和国国家标准
食品安全国家标准
包装饮用水生产卫生规范
2018-06-21发布
2019-06-21实施
中华人民共和国国家卫生健康委员会
国 家 市 场 监 督 管 理 总 局 发 布
前言
本标准代替GB 19304-2003《定型包装饮用水企业生产卫生规范》和GB 16330-1996《饮用天然
矿泉水厂卫生规范》。
本标准与GB 19304-2003和GB 16330-1996相比,主要变化如下:
---标准名称修改为“食品安全国家标准 包装饮用水生产卫生规范”;
---按照GB 14881调整了标准结构;
---修改了范围;
---修改了术语和定义;
---修改了生产用源水的水质监测要求;
---修改了水源的卫生防护要求;
---增加了源水采集卫生要求;
---修改了厂房和车间、设施和设备要求;
---增加了生产过程的食品安全控制要求;
---增加了附录A“包装饮用水加工过程的微生物监控程序指南”。
食品安全国家标准
包装饮用水生产卫生规范
1 范围
本标准规定了包装饮用水的生产用源水水质监测、水源卫生防护、源水采集,以及生产过程中加工、
包装、贮存和运输等环节的场所、设施、设备、人员的基本要求和管理准则。
本标准适用于饮用天然矿泉水、饮用纯净水、其他饮用水。
2 术语和定义
2.1 生产用源水
生产包装饮用水的原料水,可以是来源于非公共供水系统(地表水或地下水)的水源水,也可以是来
源于公共供水系统的水。
3 生产用源水的水质监测
3.1 以来自公共供水系统和非公共供水系统的水为生产用源水的(饮用天然矿泉水除外),源水水质监
测项目均按照GB 19298的原料要求进行监测。
3.2 饮用天然矿泉水的源水水质应按GB 8537的原料要求进行监测。
3.3 以非公共供水系统的水为生产用源水的,监测频率为每年丰水期和枯水期各至少一次;遇到特殊
情况如地震、洪水时,应增加监测次数。
3.4 以非公共供水系统的水为生产用源水的,取样点应为源水出水口,以公共供水系统的水为生产用
源水的,取样点应设在公共供水接入口。
3.5 以来自公共供水系统的水为生产用源水的包装饮用水,可以公共供水方的水质监测报告作为监测
依据,应确保水质符合GB 5749要求,遇到特殊情况如地震、洪水时,应加强监测。
3.6 当监测结果达不到相关标准要求时,应立即采取相应的纠正措施。
4 水源的卫生防护
4.1 以地下水为生产用源水的水源卫生防护
以地下水为生产用源水,仅允许通过脱气、曝气、倾析、过滤、臭氧化作用或紫外线消毒杀菌过程等
有限的处理方法,不改变水的基本物理化学特征的产品,其水源地应设立卫生防护区,防护区划分为
Ⅰ级、Ⅱ级、Ⅲ级,并在防护区界设置固定标志和卫生防护区图。
4.1.1 Ⅰ级防护区(采集区)
范围包括地下水取水点、引水及取水建筑物所在区域。Ⅰ级保护区边界距取水点最少为15m。取
水点有封闭式建筑物,并有专人管理;该范围内限制未授权人员进入;禁止设置与引水无关的建筑;消除
一切可能导致地下水污染的因素及妨碍地下水采集正常运行的活动。

GB 19304-2018
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
National food safety standard -
Hygienic specifications for production
of packing drinking water
食品安全国家标准
包装饮用水生产卫生规范
ISSUED ON. JUNE 21, 2018
IMPLEMENTED ON. JUNE 21, 2019
Issued by. National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China;
State Administration for Market Regulation.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 4
2 Term and definition ... 4
3 Water quality monitoring of source water for production ... 4
4 Hygienic protection of water sources ... 5
5 Hygienic requirements for the collection of source water for production ... 6
6 Site selection and plant environment ... 7
7 Plant and workshop ... 7
8 Facilities and equipment ... 8
9 Hygienic management ... 10
10 Food related products ... 10
11 Food safety control in the production process ... 11
12 Product inspection ... 12
13 Storage and transportation ... 13
14 Product recall management ... 13
15 Training ... 13
16 Management systems and personnel ... 13
17 Record and document management ... 13
Annex A Guide to microbiological monitoring procedures in the processing
process of packing drinking water ... 14
National food safety standard -
Hygienic specifications for production
of packing drinking water
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the basic requirements and management criteria for
the water quality monitoring, water source hygienic protection, source water
collection, and the location, facilities, equipment, personnel in the processing,
packaging, storage and transportation of packing drinking water.
This Standard applies to drinking natural mineral water, drinking pure water,
other drinking water.
2 Term and definition
2.1 source water for production
Raw material water for the production of packing drinking water, which may be
source water from a non-public water supply system (surface water or
groundwater) or water from a public water supply system.
3 Water quality monitoring of source water for
production
3.1 When water from public water supply systems and non-public water supply
systems is used as the source water for production (except for drinking natural
mineral water), the source water quality monitoring items are monitored
according to the raw material requirements of GB 19298.
3.2 The source water quality of drinking natural mineral water shall be
monitored according to the raw material requirements of GB 8537.
3.3 When water from non-public water supply systems is used as the source
water for production, the monitoring frequency is at least once every year during
the wet season and the dry season. In the case of special events such as
earthquakes and floods, the number of monitoring shall be increased.
Equipment shall be installed and maintained with effective hygienic protection
measures to avoid pollution to the source water. It shall disinfect in a timely
manner after constructing new collection points (such as wells) near the
collection point, pump repair displacement, or taking other collection
maintenance actions. The water collecting capacity of the collection equipment
shall match the allowable production volume.
5.2.4 Collection and transportation
It shall use closed pipes for transportation to prevent contamination. It shall not
use containers for transportation to different places for filling.
In addition to complying with the specifications of Clause 3 of GB 14881-2013,
if the source water for production is from the surface water or groundwater, the
plant shall be located near the water source where the source water can be
transported through the pipeline.
7 Plant and workshop
In addition to complying with the specifications of Clause 4 of GB 14881-2013,
the following requirements shall also be met.
7.1 The plant and workshop shall have water treatment area, filling protection
area, testing laboratory, packaging area, raw and auxiliary materials and
7.2 When the recyclable containers are used for the production of packing
drinking water, it shall set the inspection and pretreatment area of recyclable
containers separately.
7.3 If the food additives are used in the production process (except gas), the
material burdening (feeding) area shall be set.
7.4 The plant and workshop shall be divided into general work area, quasi-
cleaning work area and cleaning work area. The general work area usually
includes water treatment area, packaging area, warehouse, inspection area of
recyclable containers, etc.; the quasi-cleaning work area usually includes
area, etc.; the filling protection area shall be set in the cleaning work area. The
blowing, filling, and capping (sealing) integrated equipment with self-contained
clean room and clean environment automatic recovery function, and a cleaning
work environment inside may not be located in the cleaning work area.
8.2.5 The filling and capping (sealing) equipment shall be fully automated
control equipment, and it shall not be filled or capped (sealed) manually.
8.2.6 If the recyclable containers are used to produce packing drinking water, it
shall be equipped with external washing equipment, automatic internal washing
and disinfecting equipment, light inspection equipment, automatic filling and
equipment, etc. For the production of barreled drinking water, it shall also be
equipped with capping equipment and barrel plastic film wrapping and sealing
equipment.
8.2.7 The internal cleaning and disinfection equipment for empty barrels for
recycle shall be continuous automatic equipment, including at least 10 cleaning
and disinfecting stations such as pre-cleaning, detergent cleaning, disinfectant
cleaning, water rinsing, and water rinsing of finished products (including
draining process), and it shall set reasonable flushing time, pressure, detergent
and disinfectant concentration to ensure the cleaning and disinfection efficacy
9 Hygienic management
It shall comply with the specifications of Clause 6 of GB 14881-2013. If the
ozone sterilization is used, the ozone concentration in the workplace air shall
comply with relevant specifications.
10 Food related products
In addition to complying with the specifications of Clause 7 of GB 14881-2013,
the following requirements shall also be met.
10.1 The packaging containers (bottles, barrels, bags), caps and lids that are
not produced in the production line (outsourced) shall be packaged in clean and
compartments and storage warehouse shall be kept clean. They shall not be
transported and stored with toxic and hazardous materials. There shall be
dustproof and anti-contamination measures.
10.2 The packaging containers and materials shall comply with relevant
standards or regulations and shall not affect the safety of food and product
characteristics under specific storage and use conditions. The additives used
for packaging containers and materials for food contact shall comply with the
requirements of GB 9685 and relevant regulations.
10.3 The recyclable barrels shall be made of materials that meet the
11.2 Maintenance of equipment during production process
It shall monitor and maintain the effectiveness of the operation of water
treatment device, establish maintenance plans, set up monitoring indicators,
and maintain implementation records.
11.3 Monitoring of microorganisms during production process
The microbiological monitoring shall be carried out in key production links such
as filling protection area and packaging containers after cleaning and
disinfection. Specific monitoring requirements can be implemented according
to Annex A.
In addition to complying with the specifications of Clause 9 of GB 14881-2013,
the following requirements shall also be met.
12.1 Production line inspection
12.1.1 After filling and capping (sealing), the appearance, filling volume,
container condition, capping (sealing) tightness and visible impurities of
products shall be inspected.
12.1.2 The production enterprise shall be equipped with inspection personnel
of empty bottles, empty barrels and finished products that are consistent with
the production capacity.
such as inspection equipment for empty bottles or finished bottles.
12.2 Laboratory inspection requirements
It shall have the ability to inspect the corresponding indicators, including the
total number of colonies, coliforms, turbidity, color, ozone concentration
(applicable only when the ozone process is used), conductivity (only applicable
to drinking pure water). For those using non-public water supply system as the
water source, it shall have the ability to inspect Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and
the inspection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa can be commissioned by a
qualified third party.
   
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