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GB 29136-2012

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标准详细信息 GB 29136-2012; GB29136-2012
中文名称: 海绵钛单位产品能源消耗限额
英文名称: The norm of energy consumption per unit product of sponge titanium
行业: 国家标准
中标分类: F01
国际标准分类: 27.010
字数估计: 10,000
引用标准: GB/T 2589; GB 17167
起草单位: 遵义钛业股份有限公司
归口单位: 全国能源基础管理标准化技术委员会;全国有色金属标准化技术委员会
标准依据: 国家标准公告2012年第41号
提出机构: 国家发展和改革委员会、工业和信息化部
发布机构: 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局、中国国家标准化管理委员会
范围: 本标准规定了海绵钛单位产品能源消耗(以下简称能耗)限额的技术要求、计算原则及计算方法、节能管理和措施。本标准仅适用于镁热还原法(Kroll法)生产海绵钛企业产品能耗的计算、评定及考核。

GB 29136-2012
The norm of energy consumption per unit product of sponge titanium
ICS 27.010
F01
中华人民共和国国家标准
海绵钛单位产品能源消耗限额
2012-12-31发布
2013-10-01实施
中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局
中国国家标准化管理委员会发布
前言
本标准4.3和4.4为强制性的,其余为推荐性的。
本标准由国家发展和改革委员会、工业和信息化部提出。
本标准由全国能源基础和管理标准化技术委员会(SAC/TC20)、全国有色金属标准化技术委员会
(SAC/TC243)归口。
本标准起草单位:遵义钛业股份有限公司、抚顺钛业有限公司、中国有色金属工业标准计量质量研
究所。
本标准主要起草人:陈开建、赵以容、盛远禄、翁启钢、余家华、王忠朝、刘禹明、张江峰、刘洋、
张冰洁。
海绵钛单位产品能源消耗限额
1 范围
本标准规定了海绵钛单位产品能源消耗(以下简称能耗)限额的技术要求、计算原则及计算方法、节
能管理和措施。
本标准仅适用于镁热还原法(Krol法)生产海绵钛企业产品能耗的计算、评定及考核。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件对于本文件的应用是必不可少的。凡是注日期的引用文件,仅注日期的版本适用于本文
件。凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本(包括所有的修改单)适用于本文件。
GB/T 2589 综合能耗计算通则
GB 17167 用能单位能源计量器具配备和管理通则
3 术语和定义
GB/T 2589界定的以及下列术语和定义适用于本文件。
3.1
一次能源 primaryenergysources
煤炭、天然气、原油等能源。
3.2
二次能源 secondaryenergysources
焦炭、燃料油、石油焦、煤气、电力、成品油(汽油、柴油、煤油)热力等国家统计制度所规定的能源
品种。
3.3
耗能工质 energy-consumedmedium
在生产过程中所消耗的不作原料使用、也不进入产品,在生产或制取时需要直接消耗能源的工作物
质,如水、压缩空气、氧气等。
3.4
工序能耗 unitenergyconsumptioninworkingprocedure
工序生产过程中生产单位合格产品消耗的能源量。
3.5
工序实物单耗 unitobjectconsumptioninworkingprocedure
工序生产过程中生产单位合格产品消耗的某种能源实物量。
3.6
工艺能耗 unitenergyconsumptionoftechnology
统计报告期内,生产某种产品的生产系统各工序消耗的能源量与同期内产出的合格品量的比值。
3.7
辅助能耗 assistantenergyconsumption
统计报告期内,辅助生产系统消耗的能源量与同期内产出的合格品量的比值。
3.8
综合能耗 enterpriseintegrateenergyconsumption
工艺能耗、辅助能耗及损耗分摊量之和。
4 技术要求
4.1 海绵钛生产企业工序实物单耗限额应符合表1的要求。
表1 海绵钛生产工序实物单耗限额
工序
实物能源 工序实物单耗限额值(tce/t)
名称 单位 限定值 准入值 先进值
钛渣
石油焦 t ≤0.230 ≤0.200 ≤0.180
电力 104kW·h ≤0.420 ≤0.380 ≤0.350
氯化
石油焦 t ≤0.200 ≤0.180 ≤0.160
电力 104kW·h ≤0.030 ≤0.025 ≤0.020
精制 电力 104kW·h ≤0.040 ≤0.035 ≤0.030
镁电解 电力 104kW·h ≤2.000 ≤1.800 ≤1.600
还原蒸馏 电力 104kW·h ≤0.850 ≤0.700 ≤0.600
破碎 电力 104kW·h ≤0.030 ≤0.025 ≤0.020
注1:镁电解实物单耗以无隔板电解槽及坩埚精炼炉为参照;
注2:镁电解能耗受供电状况的影响较大,工序电力消耗限额可考虑0.1(104kW·h)~0.2(104kW·h)的调整
余地。
4.2 海绵钛生产企业工序能耗限额应符合表2的要求。
表2 海绵钛生产工序能耗限额
工 序
工序能耗限额值(tce/t)
钛渣 ≤0.75 ≤0.70 ≤0.65
氯化 ≤0.25 ≤0.20 ≤0.18
精制 ≤0.05 ≤0.045 ≤0.04
镁电解 ≤2.50 ≤2.30 ≤2.00
还原蒸馏 ≤1.05 ≤0.90 ≤0.75
破碎 ≤0.05 ≤0.04 ≤0.03
4.3 现有海绵钛生产企业单位产品综合能耗限定值应符合表3的要求。
表3 海绵钛生产企业单位产品综合能耗限定值
生产工艺(工序) 综合能耗限定值(tce/t)
B(氯化-精制-镁电解-还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤6.10
C(还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤1.30
4.4 新建海绵钛生产企业单位产品综合能耗准入值应符合表4的要求。
表4 海绵钛生产企业单位产品综合能耗准入值
生产工艺(工序) 综合能耗准入值(tce/t)
A(钛渣-氯化-精制-镁电解-还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤7.00
B(氯化-精制-镁电解-还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤5.30
C(还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤1.10
4.5 海绵钛生产企业单位产品综合能耗先进值应符合表5的要求。
生产工艺(工序) 综合能耗先进值(tce/t)
A(钛渣-氯化-精制-镁电解-还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤6.50
B(氯化-精制-镁电解-还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤4.40
C(还原蒸馏-破碎) ≤1.00
5 计算原则
5.1 企业生产消耗的能源
企业消耗的能源,指主要用于生产活动的生产系统、辅助生产系统和附属生产系统的一次能源、二
次能源和生产使用的耗能工质所消耗的各种能源。不包括生活用能和基建项目用能。
生活用能是指企业内的宿舍、学校、文化娱乐、医院保健、商业服务等直接用于生活方面能耗。
企业回收的余热,应从回收余热的工序或工艺能耗中扣减。回收余热装置和余热利用装置用能计
入工艺(工序)能耗。
5.2 能源的计量单位
消耗的各种能源计量单位见表6。
表6 各种能源计量单位
能源种类 能源计量单位
煤、焦炭、重油、柴油 kg t 104t
电 kW·h 104kW·h -
蒸汽 kg t -
水 t 104t -
能耗计算单位 kgce/t tce/t -
5.3 各种能源(包括生产耗能工质消耗的能源)折算标煤量方法
应用基低(位)发热量等于29.3076MJ(兆焦)的能源,称为1kg标煤。
外购能源可取实测的低(位)发热量或供货单位提供的实测值为计算基础,或用国家统计部门的折
算系数折算,参见附录A。二次能源及耗能工质均按相应能源等价值(电用当量值)折算:企业能源转换
自产时,按实际投入的能源实物量折算标煤量;由集中生产单位外销供应时,其能源等价值须经主管部
门规定;外购外销时,其能源等价值必须相同;当未提供能源等价值时,可按国家统计部门的折算系数折
算,参见附录B。企业回收的余热按热力的折算系数,余热发电统一按电力的折算系数。
钛渣工序合格品量,同一统计报告期内生产的合格钛渣总量;
氯化工序合格品量,同一统计报告期内生产的合格粗四氯化钛总量;
精制工序合格品量,同一统计报告期内生产的合格精四氯化钛总量;
镁电解工序合格品量,同一统计报告期内电解氯化镁产出的合格镁总量;
还原蒸馏及破碎工序合格品量,同一统计报告期内生产的合格海绵钛总量。
5.5 工序能耗统计口径
钛渣工序产品能耗包括钛铁矿配料、电炉熔炼、破碎全过程能耗。
氯化工序产品能耗包括配料、氯气的供给、钛渣的氯化全过程能耗。
精制工序产品能耗包括粗四氯化钛精制全过程的能耗。
尾气处理的能耗计入镁电解工序能耗,氯气回收、输送系统的能耗计入氯化工序能耗。
还原蒸馏工序产品能耗包括设备准备、还原蒸馏、产品取出全过程能耗。
破碎工序产品能耗包括产品切块、破碎包装、抽空充氩贮存全过程能耗。
6 产品能耗的计算方法
6.1 工序实物单耗
工序实物单耗按式(1)计算:
X=eip
(1)
式中:
ei ---统计报告期内某工序消耗的i能源实物量;
p ---统计报告期内某工序产出的合格品量。
6.2 工序能耗
工序能耗按式(2)计算:
E=
i=1
(ei×ki)-q
(2)
式中:
n ---某工序消耗能源的介质数;
ki---统计报告期内工序i能源实物折算标煤系数;
q ---统计报告期内某工序回收余热折算标煤量。
6.3 综合能耗
综合能耗按式(3)计算:
Z=Ez+F+Sp
(3)
式中:
Z ---统计报告期内某工艺产品综合能耗;
F ---统计报告期内某工艺辅助能耗;
S ---统计报告期内某工艺能源损耗;
p ---统计报告期内某工艺合格产品量。
7 节能管理与措施
7.1 节能基础管理
7.1.1 企业应根据GB 17167的要求配备和使用相应的能源计量器具并建立能源计量管理制度。
7.1.2 加强能源基础计量工作,确保能源计量的准确性。
7.1.3 制定考核标准,实施能耗考核。
7.2 节能技术措施
7.2.2 推进设备大型化,促进节能新工艺、新技术、新设备的应用。
7.2.3 加强能源的循环利用和回收利用。
7.2.4 加强工业炉窑保温、密封,减少热能损失。
附 录 A
(资料性附录)
常用能源品种现行折标煤系数
表A.1 常用能源品种现行折标煤系数
能 源 折标煤系数及单位
品 种 单位 系数 单 位
无烟煤 t 0.900 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
洗精煤 t 0.900 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
重油 t 1.4286 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
柴油 t 1.4571 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
焦炭 t 0.9714 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
液化石油气 t 1.7143 吨标煤/吨(tce/t)
电力 104kW·h 1.229 吨标煤/万千瓦小时(tce/104kW·h)
煤气(热值为1250×4.1868kJ/m3) 104m3 1.786 吨标煤/万立方米(tce/104m3)
蒸汽(98.1kPa饱和蒸汽) kg 2674.5 千焦/千克(kJ/kg)
注2:部分品种仍采用“万”为计量单位。
附 录 B
(资料性附录)
耗能工质能耗等价值
表B.1 耗能工质能耗等价值
耗 能 工 质 能 源 等 价 值
名 称 单 位 热值/MJ(兆焦) 折标煤/kg(千克)
新鲜水 t 7.5350 0.2571
软化水 t 14.2347 0.4857
二氧化碳 m3 6.2806 0.2143
氧气 m3 11.7230 0.4000
氮气 m3
11.7230 0.4000
19.6771 0.6714
乙炔 m3 243.6722 8.3143
电石 kg 60.9188 2.0786
注1:新鲜水指尚未使用过的自来水。
注2:除乙炔、电石外,均按平均耗电计算。
注4:乙炔按耗电石计算。
注5:电石按平均耗焦炭、电计算。

GB 29136-2012
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 27.010
F 01
The Norm of Energy Consumption per
Unit Product of Sponge Titanium
海绵钛单位产品能源消耗限额
ISSUED ON. DECEMBER 31, 2012
IMPLEMENTED ON. OCTOBER 1, 2013
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the People's Republic of China;
Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of
China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3 
1 Application Scope ... 4 
2 Normative References ... 4 
3 Terms and Definitions ... 4 
4 Specifications ... 6 
5 Calculation Principle ... 7 
6 Calculation Method of Energy Consumption ... 10 
7 Energy-saving Management and Measures ... 11 
Annex A (Informative) Current Coefficient for Conversion of Common
Energy Sources into Standard Coal ... 12 
Annex B (Informative) Equivalent Calorific Value of Energy Consumption
Media ... 13 
Foreword
Sub-articles 4.3 and 4.4 of this Standard are compulsory; and the others are
voluntary.
This Standard was proposed by the National Development and Reform Commission
and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 20 on
Energy Base and Management of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC
20) and National Technical Committee 243 on Non-ferrous Metals of Standardization
Administration of China (SAC/TC 243).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Zunyi Titanium Co., Ltd., Fushen Titanium
Co., Ltd., China Research Institute of Standards, Metrology and Quality of Nonferrous
Metals Industry.
The main drafters of this Standard. Chen Kaijian, Zhao Yirong, Sheng Yuanlu, Weng
Qigang, Yu Jiahua, Wang Zhongchao, Liu Yuming, Zhang Jiangfeng, Liu Yang, Zhang
Bingjie.
The Norm of Energy Consumption per
Unit Product of Sponge Titanium
1 Application Scope
This Standard specifies the specifications, calculation principle and calculation method,
and energy-saving management and measures of the norm of energy consumption
per unit product of sponge titanium (hereinafter referred to as energy consumption).
This Standard applies to the calculation, evaluation and assessment of products’
energy consumption of the manufacturer who manufacture sponge titanium using the
magnesium thermal reduction process (the Kroll method).
2 Normative References
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this
document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For
undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all
amendments) applies to This Standard.
GB/T 2589, General Principles for Calculation of the Comprehensive Energy
Consumption
GB/T 17167, General Principle for Equipping and Managing of the Measuring
Instrument of Energy in Organization of Energy Using
3 Terms and Definitions
For the purposes of this Standard, the following terms and definitions and those
defined in GB/T 2589 apply.
3.1
primary energy sources
Coal, natural gas, crude oil and other energy sources.
3.2
secondary energy sources
Coke, fuel oil, petroleum coke, coal gas, electric power, petroleum products (gasoline,
national statistical system.
3.3
Energy consumption medium
The operation material which is consumed during the production process and is not
used as a raw material nor incorporated in products, and whose production or
preparation requires direct energy consumption.
3.4
unit energy consumption in working procedure
The energy consumed by per unit qualified product during the manufacturing process
3.5
unit object consumption in working procedure
The quantity of material object of some energy source consumed by per unit qualified
product of the manufacturer in the manufacturing process.
3.6
unit energy consumption of technology
The ratio of the energy consumed by all manufacturing procedures for the production
of some product to the quantity of qualified products manufactured during the statistical
reporting period.
assistant energy consumption
The ratio of the energy consumed by the assistant manufacturing system to the
quantity of qualified products manufactured during the statistical reporting period.
3.8
enterprise integrated energy consumption
The total of unit energy consumption of technology, assistant energy consumption and
loss allocation.
4 Specifications
4.1 The norm value of unit object consumption in working procedure of the
Table 1 -- Norm of Unit Object Consumption in Working Procedure of the
manufacturer of Sponge Titanium
Working
procedure
Energy object Norm of unit material object energy consumption in working procedure (tce/t)
Name Unit Norm value Entry value Advanced value
Titanium slag
Petroleum coke t ≤ 0.230 ≤ 0.200 ≤ 0.180
Electric power 104 kW·h ≤ 0.420 ≤ 0.380 ≤ 0.350
Petroleum coke t ≤ 0.200 ≤ 0.180 ≤ 0.160
Electric power 104 kW·h ≤ 0.030 ≤ 0.025 ≤ 0.020
Refining Electric power 104 kW·h ≤ 0.040 ≤ 0.035 ≤ 0.030
Magnesium
electrolysis Electric power 10
4 kW·h ≤ 2.000 ≤ 1.800 ≤ 1.600
Reduction -
distillation Electric power 10
4 kW·h ≤ 0.850 ≤ 0.700 ≤ 0.600
NOTE 1. Baffleless magnesium electrolysis cell and crucible refining furnace work as the reference of
unit object consumption of magnesium electrolysis;
NOTE 2. The condition of power supply has considerable influence on the magnesium electrolysis, so
the norm value of unit energy consumption in working procedure shall allow for the range of
0.1 (104 kW·h) ~ 0.2 (104 kW·h) for adjustment.
4.2 The norm value of unit energy consumption in working procedure of the
manufacturer of sponge titanium shall be as specified in Table 2.
Table 2 -- Norma of Unit Energy Consumption in the Working Procedure of
Sponge Titanium
Titanium slag Norm value Entry value Advanced value
Chlorination ≤ 0.75 ≤ 0.70 ≤ 0.65
Refining ≤ 0.25 ≤ 0.20 ≤ 0.18
Magnesium electrolysis ≤ 0.05 ≤ 0.045 ≤ 0.04
Reduction - distillation ≤ 2.50 ≤ 2.30 ≤ 2.00
Crushing ≤ 1.05 ≤ 0.90 ≤ 0.75
≤ 0.05 ≤ 0.04 ≤ 0.03
4.3 The norm value of integrated energy consumption per unit product of the current
manufacturer of sponge titanium shall be as specified in Table 3.
Titanium
Manufacturing process (working procedure) Norm of integrated energy consumption (tce/t)
A (titanium slag - chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis -
reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 8.00
B (chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis - reduction and
distillation - crushing) ≤ 6.10
C (reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 1.30
4.4 The entry value of integrated energy consumption per unit product of the newly-
built manufacturer of sponge titanium shall be as specified in Table 4.
Sponge Titanium
Manufacturing process (working procedure) Norm of integrated energy consumption (tce/t)
A (titanium slag - chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis -
reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 7.00
B (chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis - reduction and
distillation - crushing) ≤ 5.30
C (reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 1.10
4.5 The advanced value of integrated energy consumption of the manufacturer of
sponge titanium shall be as specified in Table 5.
Manufacturer of Sponge Titanium
Manufacturing process (working procedure) Norm of integrated energy consumption (tce/t)
A (titanium slag - chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis -
reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 6.50
B (chlorination - refining - magnesium electrolysis - reduction and
distillation - crushing) ≤ 4.40
C (reduction and distillation - crushing) ≤ 1.00
5 Calculation Principle
5.1 Energy consumed by the Manufacturer’s production
sources and secondary energy sources of the manufacturing system, assistant
manufacturing system and auxiliary manufacturing system in the manufacturing
activities, and all kinds of energy consumed by the energy consumption media used in
manufacture. It does not include household energy consumption and construction
project energy consumption.
The household energy consumption refers to the energy consumption directly for
livelihood with regard to dormitories, schools, entertainment, health and fitness,
commercial services and so on.
All kinds of energy consumption shall not be repeated or omitted in the calculation. In
   
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