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GB/T 5223.3-2017

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标准详细信息 GB/T 5223.3-2017; GB/T5223.3-2017; GBT 5223.3-2017; GBT5223.3-2017
中文名称: 预应力混凝土用钢棒
英文名称: Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
行业: 国家标准 (推荐)
中标分类: H44
国际标准分类: 77.140.65
字数估计: 15,100
发布日期: 2017-02-28
实施日期: 2017-11-01
旧标准 (被替代): GB/T 5223.3-2005
引用标准: GB/T 229; GB/T 2101-2008; GB/T 2103-2008; GB/T 14981-2009; GB/T 21839; GB/T 24587; YB/T 081
采用标准: ISO 6934-3-1991, NEQ
起草单位: Shenyang Changli Steel Co., Ltd., Changshu Longteng Special Steel Co., Ltd., Fujian Sanang (Group) Co., Ltd., Tianjin Yinlong Prestressed Materials Co., Ltd., Huludao City North Metal Products Co., Ltd., Baoding Quartet Sanyi Electric Co., Ltd., Tianjin Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd., Metallurgical Industry Information Standards Institute
归口单位: National Steel Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 183)
标准依据: National Standard Announcement No. 4 of 2017
提出机构: 中国钢铁工业协会
发布机构: 中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局、中国国家标准化管理委员会
范围: 本标准规定了预应力混凝土用钢棒的术语和定义、分类、代号及标记、订货内容、尺寸、外形、重量及允许偏差、技术要求、试验方法、检验规则、包装、标志、质量证明书。本标准适用于预应力混凝土用光圆、螺旋槽、螺旋肋、带肋钢棒。

GB/T 5223.3-2017
Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
ICS 77.140.65
H44
中华人民共和国国家标准
代替GB/T 5223.3-2005
预应力混凝土用钢棒
(ISO 6934-3:1991,Steelfortheprestressingofconcrete-
Part3:Quenchedandtemperedwire,NEQ)
2017-02-28发布
2017-11-01实施
中华人民共和国国家质量监督检验检疫总局
中国国家标准化管理委员会发布
目次
前言 Ⅲ
1 范围 1
2 规范性引用文件 1
3 术语和定义 1
4 分类、代号及标记 2
5 订货内容 2
6 尺寸、外形、重量及允许偏差 2
7 技术要求 7
8 试验方法 9
9 检验规则 11
10 包装、标志及质量证明书 12
前言
本标准按照GB/T 1.1-2009给出的规则起草。
本标准代替GB/T 5223.3-2005《预应力混凝土用钢棒》。与GB/T 5223.3-2005相比,主要技术
变化如下:
---取消了普通松弛品种预应力钢棒;
---增加了钢棒的规格(见第6章);
---光圆钢棒取消了横截面积测量,增加了直径允许偏差的规定(见6.1);
---螺旋槽钢棒、螺旋肋钢棒横截面积测量修改为每米重量测量,调整了螺旋肋钢棒的重量偏差
(见6.2和6.3);
---增大了盘重要求(见6.6);
---增加了钢棒外形尺寸测量(见8.2.1);
---试验方法修改为执行GB/T 21839(见8.4.1)。
本标准采用重新起草法参考ISO 6934-3:1991《预应力混凝土用钢 第3部分:淬火和回火钢丝》编
制。本标准与ISO 6934-3:1991的一致性程度为非等效,主要技术变化如下:
---淬火和回火钢丝修改为预应力混凝土用钢棒;
---增加了螺旋肋钢棒;
---增加了强度级别;
---增加了钢棒的规格;
---增加了断后伸长率指标,作为日常检验项目;
---矿山支护用螺旋肋钢棒增加冲击试验。
本标准由中国钢铁工业协会提出。
本标准由全国钢标准化技术委员会(SAC/TC183)归口。
本标准起草单位:沈阳超力钢筋有限公司、常熟市龙腾特种钢有限公司、福建省三钢(集团)有限责
任公司、天津银龙预应力材料股份有限公司、葫芦岛市北方金属制品有限公司、保定四方三伊电气有限
公司、天津钢铁集团有限公司、冶金工业信息标准研究院。
本标准主要起草人:郭喜荣、温立新、王玲君、任翠英、季丙元、王明娣、艾铁岭、吕豫衡、裘耀辉、
乔治平、王晓涛、周建东、谢崇虎、许凯书、刘学森、谢昂、吴建国、李亚斌。
本标准所代替标准的历次版本发布情况为:
---GB/T 4463-1984;
---GB/T 5223.3-2005。
预应力混凝土用钢棒
1 范围
本标准规定了预应力混凝土用钢棒的术语和定义、分类、代号及标记、订货内容、尺寸、外形、重量及
允许偏差、技术要求、试验方法、检验规则、包装、标志、质量证明书。
本标准适用于预应力混凝土用光圆、螺旋槽、螺旋肋、带肋钢棒。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件对于本文件的应用是必不可少的。凡是注日期的引用文件,仅注日期的版本适用于本文
件。凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本(包括所有的修改单)适用于本文件。
GB/T 229 金属材料 夏比摆锤冲击试验方法
GB/T 2101-2008 型钢验收、包装、标志及质量证明书的一般规定
GB/T 2103-2008 钢丝验收、包装、标志及质量证明书的一般规定
GB/T 14981-2009 热轧圆盘条尺寸、外形、重量及允许偏差
GB/T 21839 预应力混凝土用钢材试验方法
GB/T 24587 预应力混凝土钢棒用热轧盘条
YB/T 081 冶金技术标准的数值修约与检测数值的判定
3 术语和定义
下列术语和定义适用于本文件。
3.1
淬火和回火钢棒 quenched&temperedbar
盘条经加工后加热到奥氏体化温度后快速冷却,然后在相变温度以下加热进行回火所得钢棒。
3.2
松弛 relaxation
在恒定长度下应力随时间而减少的现象。
3.3
光圆钢棒 plainbar
3.4
螺旋槽钢棒 helicalgroovedbar
沿着表面纵向,具有规则间隔地连续螺旋凹槽的钢棒[见图1a)、图1b)]。
3.5
螺旋肋钢棒 helicalribbedbar
沿着表面纵向,具有规则间隔的连续螺旋凸肋的钢棒(见图2)。
3.6
带肋钢棒 ribbedbar
横截面通常为圆形,且表面带肋的钢棒[见图3a)、图3b)]。
纵肋 longitudinalrib
平行于钢棒轴线的均匀连续肋。
3.8
横肋 transverserib
与钢棒轴线不平行的其他肋。
4 分类、代号及标记
4.1 分类
钢棒按外形分为光圆钢棒、螺旋槽钢棒、螺旋肋钢棒、带肋钢棒四种。
4.2 代号
光圆钢棒 P
螺旋槽钢棒 HG
螺旋肋钢棒 HR
带肋钢棒 R
低松弛 L
4.3 标记
4.3.1 标记内容
按本标准交货的产品标记应含下列内容:
预应力钢棒、公称直径、公称抗拉强度、代号、延性级别(延性35或25)、低松弛(L)、标准号。
示例:公称直径为 9.0mm,公称抗拉强度为1420MPa、35级延性预应力混凝土用螺旋槽钢棒,其标记为:
PCB9.0-1420-35-L-HG-GB/T 5223.3。
5 订货内容
按本标准订货的合同应包含以下主要内容:
a) 本标准编号;
b) 产品名称;
c) 产品代号;
d) 公称直径;
e) 强度、延性级别;
g) 其他要求。
6 尺寸、外形、重量及允许偏差
6.1 光圆钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差应符合表1的规定。每米理论重量参见表1。
表1 光圆钢棒尺寸及允许偏差、每米理论重量
公称直径
Dn/mm
直径允许偏差/
mm
公称横截面积
每米理论重量/
(g/m)
±0.10
28.3 222
38.5 302
50.3 395
±0.12
63.6 499
78.5 616
113 887
133 1044
154 1209
177 1389
201 1578
注:每米理论重量=公称横截面积×钢的密度计算,钢棒每米理论重量时钢的密度为7.85g/cm3。
6.2 螺旋槽钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差应符合表2的规定,外形见图1a)、图1b)。
说明:
D ---外轮廓直径;
b ---螺旋槽宽度;
c ---螺旋槽导程。
a) 3条螺旋槽钢棒
说明:
D ---外轮廓直径;
a ---螺旋槽深度;
b ---螺旋槽宽度;
c ---螺旋槽导程。
b) 6条螺旋槽钢棒
图1 螺旋槽钢棒外形示意图
表2 螺旋槽钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差
公称直径
Dn/
mm
公称
横截
面积
Sn/
每米
理论
重量/
(g/m)
每米长度
重量/
(g/m)
最大 最小
螺旋槽
外轮廓直径及
偏差
螺旋槽尺寸 导程及偏差
直径
D/
mm
偏差/
mm
深度
mm
偏差/
mm
宽度
b/
mm
偏差/
mm
导程
mm
偏差/
mm
7.1 40 314 327 306 3 7.25
9.0 64 502 522 490 6 9.25
10.7 90 707 735 689 6 11.10
12.6 125 981 1021 957 6 13.10
14.0 154 1209 1257 1179 6 14.30
±0.15
±0.25
0.20
0.30
0.30
0.45
0.45
±0.10
±0.15
1.70
2.00
2.20
2.30
±0.10
公称
直径
的10
±10
6.3 螺旋肋钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差应符合表3的规定,外形见图2。
D1---基圆直径;
D ---外轮廓直径;
a ---螺旋肋宽度;
c ---螺旋肋导程。
注:螺旋肋钢棒为4条螺旋肋。
图2 螺旋肋钢棒外形示意图
表3 螺旋肋钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差
公称
直径
mm
公称横
截面积
Sn/
mm
每米理
论重量/
(g/m)
每米长度
(g/m)
最大 最小
螺旋
肋数
量/
基圆尺寸 外轮廓尺寸 单肋尺寸
基圆
直径
D1/mm
mm
外轮廓
直径
D/mm
偏差/
mm
宽度
a/mm
螺旋肋
c/mm
6 28.3 222 231 217
7 38.5 302 314 295
8 50.3 395 411 385
9 63.6 499 519 487
10 78.5 616 641 601
11 95.0 746 776 727
12 113 887 923 865
13 133 1044 1086 1018
16 201 1578 1641 1538
18 254 1994 2074 1944
20 314 2465 2563 2403
22 380 2983 3102 2908
5.80
6.73
7.75
8.75
9.75
11.70
12.75
13.75
15.75
17.68
19.62
21.60
±0.10
±0.15
±0.06
±0.08
±0.10
6.30
7.46
8.45
9.45
10.45
11.45
13.45
14.40
16.70
18.68
20.82
23.20
±0.15
±0.20
±0.10
±0.16
±0.20
2.20~2.60 40~50
2.60~3.00 50~60
3.00~3.40 60~70
3.40~3.80 65~75
3.60~4.20 70~85
4.00~4.60 75~90
4.20~5.00 85~100
5.00~5.80 100~115
3.50~4.50 65~75
4.00~5.00 80~90
4.50~5.50 90~100
5.50~6.50 100~110
注:16mm~22mm预应力螺旋肋钢棒主要用于矿山支护用钢棒。
6.4 带肋钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差应符合表4、表5的规定,外形见图3a)、图3b)。
说明:
d ---内径;
h1---纵肋高度;
a ---纵肋宽度;
b ---横肋宽度;
L ---横肋间距。
a) 有纵肋带肋钢棒
图3 带肋钢棒外形示意图
说明:
d1---垂直内径;
d2---水平内径;
b ---横肋宽度;
L ---横肋间距。
b) 无纵肋带肋钢棒
图3(续)
表4 有纵肋带肋钢棒的尺寸、重量及允许偏差
公称
直径
Dn/
mm
横截
面积
Sn/
mm
每米
理论
重量/
(g/m)
每米长度
(g/m)
内径
横肋高
纵肋高
h1
最大 最小
公称
尺寸/
mm
mm
公称
尺寸/
mm
偏差/
mm
公称
尺寸/
mm
mm
横肋
b/mm
纵肋
a/
mm
间距
公称
尺寸/

GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 77.140.65 H 44
GB/T 5223.3-2017
Replacing GB/T 5223.3-2005
Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
预应力混凝土用钢棒
(ISO 6934-3.1991, Steel for the prestressing of concrete – Part 3. Quenched and tempered wire, NEQ)
Issued on. February 28, 2017 Implemented on. November 1, 2017
Issued by. General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China; Standardization Administration of the People's Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative references ... 5
3 Terms and definitions ... 5
4 Classification, codes and designation ... 7
5 Ordering content ... 7
6 Dimensions, shapes, weights and tolerances ... 8
7 Technical requirements ... 13
8 Test methods ... 15
9 Inspection rules ... 18
10 Packaging, marking and quality certification... 19
Foreword
This Part was drafted in accordance with the rules given in GB/T 1.1-2009.
This Part replaces GB/T 5223.3-2005, Steel Bars for Prestressed Concrete. Compared
with GB/T 5223.3-2005, the major technical changes are as follows. -- it cancels the common relaxation varieties of prestressed steel bars; -- it adds the specifications of steel bars (see Clause 6); --it cancels cross sectional area measurement for plain steel bars and adds the
specifications for diameter tolerances (see 6.1); -- it changes the cross sectional area measurement of helical grooved steel bars and helical ribbed steel bars into the weight per m measurement, and adjusts the
weight tolerances for helical ribbed steel bars (see 6.2 and 6.3);
-- it increases the requirement for coil weight (see 6.6);
-- it adds the dimensional measurement for steel bars (see 8.2.1);
-- the test method is changed into as specified in GB/T 21839 (8.4.1).
This Standard was redrafted by referencing ISO 6934-3.1991, Steel for the prestressing of concrete – Part 3. Quenched and tempered wire. This Standard is not equivalent to ISO 6934-3.1991, the major technical changes are as follows.
-- quenched and tempered steel wires are changed into steel bars for prestressed concrete; -- it adds helical ribbed steel bars; -- it adds strength levels; -- it adds the specifications of steel bars; -- it adds the indexes of elongation after fracture as a routine inspection item; -- it adds impact test for the helical ribbed steel bars for mine supporting projects.
This Standard was proposed by China Iron and Steel Association.
This Standard shall be under the jurisdiction of National Technical Committee 183 on
Steels of Standardization Administration of China (SAC/TC 183).
The drafting organizations of this Standard. Shenyang Super Steel Bar Co., Ltd.,
Steel bars for the prestressing of concrete
1 Scope
This Standard specifies the terms and definitions, classification, codes and designation, ordering content, dimensions, shapes, weights and tolerances, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules, packaging, marking and quality certification for steel bars for the prestressing of concrete.
This Standard applies to plain, helical grooved, helical ribbed and ribbed round bars for the prestressing of concrete.
2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition dated applies to this document. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced documents (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB/T 229, Metallic materials - Charpy pendulum impact test method
GB/T 2101-2008, General requirement for acceptance, packaging, marking and certification for section steel
GB/T 2103-2008, General requirements for acceptance, packing, marking and quality certification of steel wire
GB/T 14981-2009, Dimension, shape, mass and tolerance for hot-rolled round wire rod
GB/T 21839, Steel for prestressed concrete – Test methods
GB/T 24587, Hot-rolled wire rods for prestressing steel bars of concrete
YB/T 081, Rule for rounding off of numerical values and judgement of testing values for technical standards of metallurgy
3 Terms and definitions
For the purposes of this document, the following terms and definitions apply.
6.7 Normally, the diameter of the inner ring of steel bars shall not be less than 2 000 mm. Products of other inner coil diameters can also be supplied as agreed by the purchaser and the supplier.
6.8
The product can be delivered in coil or straight strip; the length of straight strip and tolerances shall be as agreed on by the purchaser and the supplier.
7 Technical requirements
7.1
Raw material
7.1.1 The dimensions, shapes and tolerances of the wire rods for steel bars shall be as specified in accuracy grade B of GB/T 14981; the surface quality shall be as specified in GB/T 24587.
7.1.2 The designation and chemical composition of steel for steel bars shall be as specified in GB/T 24587; steel bars can also be manufactured using other designations of steel, but the content of sulfur shall not exceed 0.025 and the content of copper shall not exceed 0.20%.
7.2 Manufacturing method
7.2.1 Quench and temper. steel bars are normally manufactured using hot-rolled wire rods as the material and then processed before quenching and tempering. The material of ribbed steel bars shall be as agreed on by the purchaser and the supplier.
7.2.2 Finished steel bars shall be free of welded joints; the welded joints for continuous operation during production shall be cut off.
7.3 Mechanical properties
7.3.1 Steel bars shall be subjected to tensile test. Their tensile strength and specified plastic elongation shall be as specified in Table 6; the elongation properties (including ductility level and corresponding elongation) shall be as specified in Table 7.
7.3.2 Steel bars shall be subjected to bending test (except helical grooved steel bars) and their properties shall be as specified in Table 6.
7.3.3
Steel bars shall be subjected to the relaxation test for 1 000 h at initial stress of 70% of the nominal tensile strength. If requested by the purchaser, the relaxation at 1 000 h shall also be determined at initial stresses of 60% and 80% of the nominal tensile strength, which shall be as specified in Table 6.
8.4.5
0.5%.
The elasticity modulus shall be determined as specified in GB/T 21839.
8.4.6 Test failure
If the sample fractures in the chuck or within 2Dn of the jaw, failing to meet the specifications of this Standard, then the test is invalid.
8.5 Repeated bending test
The repeated bending test for the steel bars of nominal diameter not greater than 10 mm (except helical grooved steel bars) shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 21839. The bending radius shall be as specified in Table 6 of this Standard.
8.6 Bending test
The bending test for the steel bars of nominal diameter greater than 10 mm (except helical grooved steel bars) shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 21839. The bending angle and bending pressure head diameter shall be as specified in Table 6 of this Standard.
8.7 Stress relaxation property test
8.7.2 The environmental temperature of the sample during the test shall be maintained within the range of 20°C ± 2°C.
8.7.3 The gauge length of the sample shall not be less than 60 times of the nominal diameter.
8.7.4 The sample shall not be subjected to any heat treatment or cold working after preparation.
8.7.5 During the whole test, force shall be applied stably; the initial load shall be applied evenly within 3 min ~ 5 min; start recording the relaxation value after maintaining the load for 1 min.
8.7.6 It is allowed to reckon the 1 000 h relaxation value using the test data of not less than 120 h.
8.8 Fatigue test
8.8.1 The sample for fatigue test shall be cut out directly from finished steel bars; the length of the sample shall ensure the distance between two clamps is not less than 140 mm.
8.8.2 Steel bars shall withstand, without failure, 2 × 106 cycles of 0.7Fm ~ (0.7Fm -Fr)
pulsating load.
Helical grooved, helical ribbed steel bars and ribbed steel bars. Fr/Sn = 180 MPa
where,
Fm – nominal breaking load of steel bar, in N;
Fr – equivalent load value of stress range, in N;
Sn – nominal cress sectional area of steel bar, in mm2.
8.8.3 The stress frequency for the fatigue test shall not be greater than 120 Hz, which shall be as specified in GB/T 21839.
8.9 Impact test
The impact test for prestressed steel bars for mine supporting projects shall be carried out as specified in GB/T 229. The impact absorbed energy shall be as specified in
7.3.4.
Value rounding off
The rounding off of numerical value and judgement of test results shall be as specified in YB/T 081.
9 Inspection rules
9.1 Inspection and acceptance
The factory inspection of products shall be carried out by the quality inspection department of the supplier in accordance with Table 8; the purchaser can carry out inspection and acceptance in accordance with this Standard.
9.2 Group-batch rules
Steel bars shall be inspected and accepted in batches; each batch of steel bars shall comprise steel bars of the same designation, specification and processing condition; the weight of each batch shall not be greater than 60 t.
   
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