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QC/T 1072-2017

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QC/T 1072-2017 英文版 810 购买 现货,9秒内自动发货PDF,有增值税发票。 汽车用档位传感器 有效

   
标准编号: QC/T 1072-2017 (QC/T1072-2017)
中文名称: 汽车用档位传感器
英文名称: (Automotive gear position sensor)
行业: 汽车行业标准 (推荐)
发布日期: 2017-04-12
实施日期: 2017-10-01
标准依据: 工业和信息化部公告2017年第14号

QC/T 1072-2017
Automotive shift position sensor
汽车用档位传感器
1 范 围
本标准规定了汽车用旋转式档位传感器的要求、试验方法、检验规则等。
本标准适用于 M、N类汽车自动变速器调节速比用旋转式档位传感器(以下简称“传感器”)。其
他型式档位传感器可参照执行。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件对于本标准的应用是必不可少的。凡是注日期的引用文件,仅注日期的版本适用于本
标准。凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本(包括所有的修改单)适用于本标准。
GB/T 21437.2 道路车辆由传导和耦合引起的电骚扰第 2 部分:沿电源线的电瞬态传导
GB/T 28046.2-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 2部分电气负荷
GB/T 28046.3-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 3 部分机械负荷
GB/T 28046.4-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 4 部分气候负荷
GB/T 30038-2013 道路车辆电气电子设备防护等级(IP 代码)
QC/T 413-2002 汽车电气设备基本技术条件
GB/T 33014.1〜33014.5 道路车辆电气/电子部件对窄带辐射电磁能的抗扰性试验方法
3 术语和定义
F列术语和定义适用于本标准。
3.1
档位传感器 shift position sensor
能测量自动变速器档位并转换成电信号的传感器。按照应用场合分为预设档位和速比档位传
感器。按实现方式分为旋转式和直线式传感器。
4 要求
4.1 一般要求
传感器应符合本标准的要求,并应按经规定程序批准的图样及设计文件制造。
传感器外观应光滑,保护层应均勻,无明显的气泡、斑点、划痕及脱落等缺陷。
4.2 基本性能参数
4.2.1 输出信号。
4.2.1.1 电压输出。
传感器输出电压特性由供需双方协商确定。传感器输岀电压线性度如图1所示,应在±2%以
内,计算方法如下:
传感器经 85 °C高温贮存试验并在试验环境下恢复 2 h 后,性能应符合 4.2 的规定。
4.6.3 耐温度快速变化性能。
传感器经低温一40 °C、高温 125 °C的温度快速变化试验并在试验环境下恢复 2 h 后,性能应符
合 4.2的规定。
4.6.4 耐低温工作性能。
传感器在进行一40 °C的耐低温性能试验时,性能应符合 4.2 的规定。
4.6.5 耐高温工作性能。
传感器在进行 125 °C的耐高温性能试验时,性能应符合 4.2 的规定。
4.6.6 温漂性能。
传感器在工作温度范围内温漂应不超过:
电压信号输出为 40 mV;
-PWM 信号输出为 1.2%。
4.7 耐湿热循环性能
传感器经湿热循环试验后,性能应符合 4.2的规定。
4.8 耐振动性能
传感器经振动试验后,外表应无损坏,性能应符合 4.2 的规定。
4.9 防护性能
传感器(连接器除外)防护等级应达到 IP5K6。
4.10 耐油性能
传感器(连接器除外)经耐油性试验后,外表应无损坏,性能应符合 4.2的规定。
4.11 电磁抗扰性能
4.11.1 传感器在进行电磁辐射抗扰性试验时应符合 4.2 规定,试验严酷等级由供需双方协商
确定。
4.11.2 传感器在传导抗扰试验时应符合 4.2规定,试验脉冲及等级由供需双方协商确定,5 V 传感
器是否需进行传导抗扰试验由供需双方协商确定。
注:对于无源器件传感器,无须进行抗扰试验。
4.12 耐自由跌落性能
传感器进行自由跌落试验后允许外壳有微小损坏,性能应符合 4.2 规定。
4.13 耐机械冲击性能
传感器经冲击试验后,外壳应无损坏,性能应符合 4.2 的规定。
4.14 耐久性能
传感器应能承受 120 万次满行程循环试验。试验后,传感器应符合 4.2 规定。
5 试验方法
5.1 试验条件
5.1.1 试验环境。
试验均应在表 2 规定的环境条件下进行(特殊规定除外)。
5.6 绝缘耐压试验
按 GB/T 28046.2-2011 中 4.11.2 的规定进行。.
5.7 耐温度性能试验
5.7.1 耐低温贮存试验。
按 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中 5.1.1.1.2 的规定进行。
5.7.2 耐高温贮存试验。
按 GB/T 28046.4-2011中 5.1.2.1.2 的规定进行。
5.7.3 耐温度快速变化试验。
按 GB/T 28046.4-2011中 5.4.2 的规定进行100 次温度快速变化试验。每个循环中低温和高
温保持时间为 60 min。
5.7.4 耐低温工作性能试验。
按 GB/T 28046.4-2011中 5.1.1.2.2 的规定进行。
5.7.5 耐高温工作性能试验。
按 GB/T 28046.4-2011中 5.1.2.2.2的规定进行。
注:性能试验如在高温箱外进行,应将样品从高温箱内取出后在 5 min 内完成。
5.7.6 温漂试验。
先在标准温度 25 °C下测量信号输出值,然后在一40 °C、
20 °C、0 °C、40 °C、80 °C、125 °C检测
点测量信号输出值,每个检测点至少取 3 个角度(较大角度、中间角度、较小角度)。计算传感器每个
角度点在不同温度下的输出值与标准温度下输出值的偏差,取计算结果中的最大值。
5.8 耐湿热循环性能试验
每个循环 24 h。
5.9 耐振动性能试验
将传感器模拟实车安装方式进行固定,按 GB/T 28046.3-2011 第 4.1.2.2 或 4.1.2.6 的规定
进行。
5.10 防护性能试验
将传感器模拟实车安装方式进行密封,按 GB/T 30038-2013 中表 7的规定进行。
5.11 耐油试验
将传感器模拟实车安装方式进行密封,不工作状态下用变速箱油浸泡 24 h。取出擦干外表后测
试基本性能。
5.12.1 电磁辐射抗扰。
由供需双方协商按 GB/T 33014.1〜33014.5 系列标准中的一种或多种组合方法进行试验。
5.12.2 传导抗扰。
按 GB/T 21437.2的规定进行。
d) 传感器停产一年以上,再恢复生产时;
e) 出厂检验结果与上次型式检验结果有较大差异时;
f) 国家质量监督机构提出进行型式检验的要求时。
6.3.2 抽样和分组。
做型式检验的样品从出厂检验合格的同一批样品中抽取,数量不得少于 18 只。先按出厂检验
a) 第1组:温漂试验、温度试验、温度/湿度组合循环试验;
b) 第 2组:工作电压范围试验、绝缘耐压试验、异常电压试验、电磁抗扰试验、自由跌落试验;
c) 第 3组:防护试验、耐油试验;
d) 第 4 组:机械冲击试验;
e) 第 5 组:振动试验;
f) 第 6 组:耐久性试验。
6.3.3 合格判定。
传感器的型式检验项目应全部符合规定的要求。如有一项不合格,可重新抽取加倍数量的样品
就该不合格项目进行复查,如仍有不合格时,则该批样品判为不合格,但对耐久性试验不合格时不应
7 标志、包装、贮存和保管
传感器的标志、包装、贮存和保管宜按 QC/T 413-2002 第 8章的规定执行。

QC/T 1072-2017
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY STANDARD
OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.040.10
T 35
Automotive shift position sensor
汽车用档位传感器
ISSUED ON: APRIL 12, 2017
IMPLEMENTED ON: OCTOBER 01, 2017
Issued by: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of PRC
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 7 
1 Scope ... 8 
2 Normative references ... 8 
3 Terms and definitions ... 9 
4 Requirements ... 9 
5 Test methods ... 14 
6 Inspection rules ... 17 
7 Marking, packaging, storage, custody ... 19 
Attachment:
Number, name and date of implementation of 22 automotive industry
standards
No. Standard number Standard name Number of standard replaced
Date of
implementation
301 QC/T 727-2017 Instrument for automobile and motorcycle QC/T 727-2007 2017-10-01
302 QC/T 803-2017 Oxygen sensor for automobile QC/T 803.1-2008 2017-10-01
303 QC/T 1072-2017 Gear position sensor for automobiles 2017-10-01
304 QC/T 1073.1-2017 Accelerometers for automobiles - Part 1: Linear accelerometers 2017-10-01
305 QC/T 1074-2017 Technical specifications for automotive parts remanufacturing products 2017-10-01
306 QC/T 1075-2017
Technical conditions for metal
honeycomb carrier of exhaust catalytic
converter
2017-10-01
307 QC/T 777-2017
Technical conditions for
electromagnetic fan clutch of
automobile
QC/T 777-2007 2017-10-01
308 QC/T 1076-2017
Performance requirements and test
methods for continuously variable
transmission (CVT)
2017-10-01
309 QC/T 1077-2017
Terminology and definitions for
classification of automatic control
transmission for automobile
2017-10-01
310 QC/T 1078-2017 Advertising vehicle 2017-10-01
311 QC/T 1079-2017 Suction & delivery vehicle 2017-10-01
312 QC/T 1080-2017 Mobile loudspeaker for popularization of science 2017-10-01
313 QC/T 1081-2017 Electric power steering device for automobile 2017-10-01
314 QC/T 1082-2017 Motor for electric power steering device of automobile 2017-10-01
315 QC/T 1083-2017 Controller for electric power steering device of automobile 2017-10-01
316 QC/T 1084-2017 Sensor for electric power steering device of automobile 2017-10-01
317 QC/T 1085-2017 X-ray testing for light-alloy wheel of motorcycle 2017-10-01
318 QC/T 1086-2017 Technical conditions for range extenders for electric vehicles 2017-10-01
Automotive shift position sensor
1 Scope
This standard specifies the requirements, test methods, inspection rules for
rotary shift position sensors for automobiles.
This standard is applicable to rotary shift position sensors (hereinafter referred
to as "sensors") for speed ratio adjustment of automatic transmissions of
category M and N automobiles. Other types of shift position sensors may refer
to this standard.
2 Normative references
The following documents are indispensable for the application of this standard.
For dated references, only dated versions apply to this standard. For undated
standard.
GB/T 21437.2 Road vehicles - Electrical disturbances from conduction and
coupling - Part 2: Electrical transient conduction along supply lines only
GB/T 28046.2-2011 Road vehicles - Environmental conditions and testing
for electrical and electronic equipment - Part 2: Electrical loads
GB/T 28046.3-2011 Road vehicles - Environmental conditions and testing
for electrical and electronic equipment - Part 3: Mechanical loads
GB/T 28046.4-2011 Road vehicles - Environmental conditions and testing
for electrical and electronic equipment - Part 4: Climatic loads
Protection of electrical equipment against foreign objects, water and access
QC/T 413-2002 Basic technical requirements for automotive electric
equipment
GB/T 33014.1 ~ 33014.5 Road vehicles - Component test methods for
electrical/electronic disturbances from narrowband radiated electromagnetic
energy
The sensor shall be capable of withstanding a voltage of 50 Hz and an actual
sine wave of 500 V for a period of 1 min. The product after test shall comply
with the provisions of 4.2.
resistance.
4.6 Temperature resistance
4.6.1 Low-temperature storage performance
When the sensor is subject to the low-temperature storage test at -40 °C and
restored at the test environment for 2 h, the performance shall be in accordance
with the provisions of 4.2.
4.6.2 High-temperature storage performance
When the sensor is subject to the high-temperature storage test at 85 °C and
restored at the test environment for 2 h, the performance shall be in accordance
4.6.3 Resistance to rapid temperature changes
When the sensor is subject to the rapid temperature changes (low-temperature
at -40 °C and high-temperature at 125 °C) and restored at the test environment
for 2 h, the performance shall be in accordance with the provisions of 4.2.
4.6.4 Low-temperature working performance
When the sensor is subject to the low-temperature resistance test at -40 °C, the
performance of the sensor shall be in accordance with the provisions of 4.2.
4.6.5 High-temperature working performance
When the sensor is subject to the high-temperature resistance test at 125 °C,
4.6.6 Temperature drift performance
The temperature drift of the sensor within the working temperature range shall
not exceed:
- The output of voltage signal is 40 mV;
- The output of PWM signal is 1.2%.
4.7 Resistance to cyclic damp heat
After the sensor has been subjected to a cyclic damp heat test, the performance
5.3.2 Response time
Mount the sensor on a dedicated test device, turn it from 0 degrees to a
required from reaching the maximum angle until the sensor’s output signal
meets the requirements of 4.2.1. Turn it from the maximum angle point to 0
degrees at a speed of not more than 10 rad/s, measure the time required from
reaching to 0 degrees until the sensor’s output signal meets the requirements
of 4.2.1.
5.4 Test of resistance to working voltage
Apply the minimum and maximum operating voltages for the sensor according
to Table 1. Check the basic performance according to 5.3.
5.5 Test of resistance to abnormal voltage
It is carried out according to the provisions of 4.7.2.3 of GB/T 28046.2-2011.
The test voltage of a 5 V sensor is 5 V.
5.5.2 Test of power overvoltage
It is carried out according to the provisions of 4.3.1.1.2 or 4.3.2.2 of GB/T
28046.2-2011. The test voltage of a 5 V sensor is 7 V.
5.6 Test of insulation withstanding voltage
It is carried out according to the provisions of 4.11.2 of GB/T 28046.2-2011.
5.7 Test of temperature resistance
5.7.1 Low-temperature storage test.
5.7.2 High-temperature storage test.
It is carried out according to the provisions of 5.1.2.1.2 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
5.7.3 Test of resistance to rapid temperature change
Follow the provisions of 5.4.2 of GB/T 28046.4-2011 to carry out 100 rapid
temperature change tests. The holding time at low-temperature and high-
temperature in each cycle is 60 min.
5.7.4 Test of low-temperature working performance
Each sensor can only exit-factory after passing inspection and being attached
with the product quality certificate and marking.
The exit-factory inspection items include sensor shape, marking, basic
performance.
6.3 Type inspection
6.3.1 Several situations in which type inspection shall be carried out
The type inspection of the sensor is carried out in the following cases:
a) In case of trial production and type finalization of new sensor;
b) After formal production, in case of major changes in structure, materials
and processes that affect sensor performance;
c) For batch or mass-produced sensors, not less than once every two years;
one year;
e) When the exit-factory inspection result is significantly different from the
previous type inspection result;
f) When the national quality supervision agency requests the type inspection.
6.3.2 Sampling and grouping
Samples for type inspection shall be taken from a batch of samples that have
passed the exit-factory inspection; the number shall not be less than 18. It is
first re-inspected according to the exit-factory inspection items. When the re-
inspection is qualified, divide the samples evenly into 6 groups. Carry out test
a) Group 1: Temperature drift test, temperature test, temperature/humidity
combined cycle test;
b) Group 2: Test of working voltage range, test of insulation withstanding
voltage test, test of abnormal voltage, test of electromagnetic immunity,
free fall test;
c) Group 3: Protection test, test of oil resistance;
d) Group 4: Test of mechanical shock;
e) Group 5: Vibration test;
   
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