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QC/T 1100-2019

标准搜索结果: 'QC/T 1100-2019'
标准号码内文价格(元)第2步交付天数标准名称状态
QC/T 1100-2019 英文版 RFQ 询价 有增值税发票,[PDF]天数 <=3 液态沥青运输车 有效

   
标准详细信息 QC/T 1100-2019; QC/T1100-2019
中文名称: 液态沥青运输车
英文名称: (Liquid asphalt carrier)
行业: 汽车行业标准 (推荐)
发布日期: 2019-08-02
实施日期: 2020-01-01
标准依据: 工业和信息化部公告2019年第29号

QC/T 1100-2019
(Liquid asphalt carrier)
ICS 43.160
T 58
QC
中 华 人 民 共 和 国 汽 车 行 业 标 准
液态沥青运输车
Liquid asphalt tank truck
2019 - 8 - 27发布
2020 - 1 - 1实施
中华人民共和国工业和信息化部 发 布
目次
前言...II
1 范围...1
2 规范性引用文件...1
3 术语和定义...2
4 技术要求...2
5 试验方法...5
6 检验规则...8
7 标志、随车文件、包装、运输与贮存...9
附录 A(资料性附录) 液态沥青运输车试验记录...11
前言
本标准按照GB/T 1.1-2009的规则起草。
本标准由全国汽车标准化技术委员会(SAC/TC 114)提出并归口。
本标准主要起草单位:西安达刚路面机械股份有限公司、滁州兴扬汽车有限公司、芜湖中集瑞江汽
车有限公司、汉阳专用汽车研究所、机械工业专用汽车产品质量检测中心。
本标准主要起草人:孙建西、杜文学、孙加龙、高国有、宫永杰、顾锦祥、冯会健、王永彬、张新
强、皇甫建红、欧玉红、王玫刚、张西农。
本标准为首次发布。
液态沥青运输车
1 范围
本标准规定了液态沥青运输车的术语与定义、技术要求、试验方法、检验规则和标志、随车文件、
包装、运输与贮存。
本标准适用于定型汽车二类底盘改装的液态沥青运输汽车及液态沥青运输半挂车(以下简称沥青车)。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件对于本文件的应用是必不可少的。凡是注日期的引用文件,仅注日期的版本适用于本文件。
凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本(包括所有的修改单)适用于本文件。
GB 1495 汽车加速行驶车外噪声限值及测量方法
GB 1589 汽车、挂车及汽车列车外廓尺寸、轴荷及质量限值
GB/T 3766 液压传动 系统及其元件的通用规则和安全要求
GB 4208 外壳防护等级(IP 代码)
GB 4351.1 手提式灭火器 第1部分 性能和结构要求
GB/T 4606 道路车辆 半挂车牵引座50号牵引销的基本尺寸和安装、互换性尺寸
GB/T 4607 道路车辆 半挂车牵引座90号牵引销的基本尺寸和安装、互换性尺寸
GB 4785 汽车及挂车外部照明和光信号装置的安装规定
GB 5226.1 机械电气安全 机械电气设备 第1部分:通用技术条件
GB 7258 机动车运行安全技术条件
GB/T 9969 工业产品使用说明书 总则
GB 11567 汽车和挂车侧面及后下部防护装置要求
GB/T 12544 汽车最高车速试验方法
GB 12676 商用车辆和挂车制动系统技术要求及试验方法
GB/T 14039-2002 液压传动 油液固体颗粒污染等级代号
GB/T 15088 道路车辆 牵引销 强度试验
GB 15741 汽车和挂车号牌板(架)及其位置
GB 16735 道路车辆 车辆识别代码(VIN)
GB/T 18411 道路车辆 产品标牌
GB 18564.1 道路运输液体危险货物罐式车辆 第1部分 金属常压罐体
GB 19151 机动车用三角警告牌
GB 20178 土方机械 机器安全标签 通则
GB/T 23336 半挂车通用技术条件
GB 25990 车辆尾部标志板
GB/T 26777 挂车支撑装置
JB/T 5943 工程机械 焊接件通用技术条件
JB/T 5945 工程机械 装配通用技术条件
JB/T 5946 工程机械 涂装通用技术条件
JT/T 475 半挂车车轴
QC/T 252 专用汽车定型试验规程
3 术语和定义
下列术语和定义适用于本文件。
3.1
罐体总容积 tank volume
常温状态时罐体所能容纳水的容积。
3.2
罐体额定容积 rated tank volume
沥青车为额定载质量时罐体内充装沥青所占的容积。
3.3
充装率 filling ratio
罐体额定容积与罐体总容积之比。
4 技术要求
4.1 总则
的产品图样和技术文件制造。
4.1.2 沥青车所用的配套件、原材料应符合相关国家标准或行业标准的规定,并应有检验合格证书。
4.1.3 罐体焊接应符合 GB 18564.1的相关规定,除罐体以外的焊接件均应符合 JB/T 5943的规定。
4.1.4 零部件应经检验合格后方可装配,装配应符合 JB/T 5945要求。
4.2 整车
4.2.1 外廓尺寸、轴荷及质量限值应符合 GB 1589 的规定。
4.2.2 运行安全应符合 GB 7258的规定。
4.2.3 号牌板(架)应符合 GB 15741的要求。
4.2.4 沥青车最高行驶速度不应超过 80km/h。
收起后最低点离地高度应不小于 320mm;牵引销应符合 GB/T 4606或 GB/T 4607的规定。
4.2.6 驾驶员耳旁噪声应符合 GB 7258的规定;汽车加速行驶车外噪声应符合 GB 1495的规定。
4.2.7 制动性能应符合 GB 12676、GB 7258和 GB/T 23336的相关规定。
4.2.8 侧面防护及后下部防护装置应符合 GB 11567的规定,罐体及罐体上的管路和管路附件不应超出
车辆的侧面及后下部防护装置。且罐体后封头及后封头上的管路和管路附件外端面与后下部防护装置的
内侧在车辆长度方向垂直投影的距离应大于或等于 150mm。
4.2.9 尾部标志板及其安装位置应符合 GB 25990的规定。
4.2.10 外部照明和光信号装置的光色、数量与安装应符合 GB 4785的规定。
4.2.11 车身反光标识应符合 GB 7258的规定。
4.2.13 侧倾稳定角应符合 GB 7258 的规定。
4.2.14 所有对司机和维护人员构成危险的旋转和高温部位,均应设防护罩和隔离装置,并应按 GB
20178的要求设置醒目的安全标志和危险图示标志。
4.2.15 应配备符合 GB 4351.1规定的车用手提式灭火器,并应安放牢靠、取用方便。
4.2.16 应备有符合 GB 19151规定的机动车用三角警告牌。
4.3 外观
4.3.1 油漆涂层应符合 JB/T 5946的要求。
4.3.2 各种管路和线路应布置整齐、固定可靠,不应与运动部件发生干涉与摩擦。
4.3.3 整车外表面应光滑平整,不应有压伤、划痕等缺陷。
4.4.1 罐体
4.4.1.1 罐体最大充装率应不大于 95%,并应不小于 85%;罐体最大充装量应不大于沥青车的额定载质
量。
4.4.1.2 罐体的筒体与封头所用钢板厚度应符合 GB 18564.1的相关要求;罐体内应设置防波板,相邻
防波板及防波板与相邻封头之间的容积应不大于 7.5m3;其底部与顶部应能使各仓相通,并应便于人员
进出;防波板厚度应与筒体厚度一致。
4.4.1.3 罐体顶部应设有人孔。人孔应采用公称直径大于等于500mm的圆孔或500mm×400mm的椭圆孔;
人孔应设顶盖进行封闭,顶盖应开启灵活关闭严密,应能防止雨水落入或渗入。罐体顶部应设置防滑通
道;应设置固定式或可折叠的护栏,其中折叠护栏升起后高度应不低于 800mm,护栏升起与收回时应锁定牢靠。
4.4.1.5 罐体外侧应设置有上下罐体的扶梯,人孔处应设置方便人员进出罐体的扶梯或其它装置。
4.4.1.6 应在罐体上部设置呼吸装置,呼吸装置宜采用管状结构(简称呼吸管)。呼吸管应符合以下要求:
a) 其通径不应小于 65mm,并应确保畅通;
b) 呼吸管口平面距罐体内顶面应不小于 20mm。
4.4.1.7 沥青罐应设保温层,保温材料应无腐蚀性;沥青车满载 130℃基质沥青,在环境温度为 25℃
±5℃、风速不大于 3m/s的条件下停放时罐内沥青温度下降不应超过 3℃/h。
4.4.1.8 外蒙皮搭接部位应紧贴、平整,应能防止雨水渗入。
4.4.1.9 应设置液位显示及温度显示装置。宜设置满位报警,满位报警装置不应因沥青凝结而失效。
4.4.2 液压系统
规定。
4.4.2.2 沥青车在正常工作状态下,液压系统液压油温度不应超过 80℃。
4.4.2.3 液压系统应设置滤清器,液压油的固体颗粒污染等级应不大于 GB/T 14039-2002中-/17/14的规定。
4.4.2.4 液压系统应具有良好的密封性能。
4.4.3 卸料系统
4.4.3.1 基本要求
卸料系统可不加装紧急切断阀。
4.4.3.2 自流卸料
自流卸料系统主要由卸料口管、卸料阀、卸料管接口组件和卸料管组成。各部分应符合下列要求:
b) 卸料管接口组件应在除卸料以外的任何状态下封闭可靠;
c) 卸料管应耐油、耐热。
4.4.3.3 泵排卸料
沥青车宜配置沥青泵送系统进行卸料,并应能实现对罐内沥青进行循环。系统应符合下述要求:
a) 沥青泵宜选用大排量的保温泵;
b) 系统应设置保温型沥青三通阀,其通径应与沥青泵匹配,运输状态时三通阀应关闭严密、锁定
可靠;
c) 系统应具有可靠的密封性;
d) 宜采用导热油加热系统对沥青泵、三通阀及管路进行加热保温,导热油加热系统应符合以下要
1) 应能吸收烟气余热或其他热量使导热油加热升温;
2) 系统应能进行循环;
3) 系统应密封可靠。
4.4.4 加热系统
4.4.4.1 当环境温度为 25℃±5℃、风速低于 3m/s,车辆在额定载质量下,且罐内沥青温度低于 120℃
时,加热系统应能使罐内沥青每小时平均升温不低于 10℃。
4.4.4.2 加热系统应设加热管道,加热管应符合以下要求:
a) 布置在罐体内的加热管道,应贴近罐底部位,并应与罐体底部留有一定的空隙;
b) 管道应能保证烟气流动通畅,宜采用 U形结构;
d) 管道不应渗漏。
4.4.4.3 加热装置应采用轻柴油燃烧器或其他能满足 4.4.4.1要求的加热装置。采用轻柴油燃烧器应
符合下述要求:
a) 燃烧器应点火方便;
b) 液态沥青运输汽车的燃烧器所用电源宜采用其底盘电源;
c) 液态沥青运输半挂车宜配置发电机为燃烧器提供电源或使用场地 220V外接电源。
4.4.4.4 烟囱应紧贴罐体端面,并应有较强的耐高温和耐候性;排烟口应设置防雨装置。
4.4.5 电气系统
4.4.5.1 电气系统控制功能应符合 GB 5226.1的规定。
4.4.5.3 各控制装置与元件应动作灵敏、显示准确、安全可靠。
5 试验方法
5.1 定型试验
沥青车定型试验按QC/T 252的规定进行。
5.2 强制性检验
沥青车的外廓尺寸、轴荷及质量限值、外部照明和光信号装置、侧面及后下部防护、噪声、车身反
光标识、限速装置等试验按相关强制性标准进行。
5.3 专用装置与系统试验
5.3.1 罐体充装率
a) 样车燃油、液压油等按规定加满,随车工具与附件配齐;
b) 驾驶室乘员人数与座椅数相同。
5.3.1.2 试验方法:
a) 样车空载,在称重仪上停稳后熄灭发动机,变速器空挡,称取样车空载质量 M0;
b) 沥青罐内注满水,称取满罐时整车质量 My;
c) 样车按 b)状态停在称重仪上,沥青罐向外放水,同时观察称重仪达到总质量(整车满载质量)
时停止放水,并记录总质量 M。
5.3.1.3 试验结果记入表 A.1。
试验数据处理如下:

- MMM
V e == (1)
式中:
Ve- 罐体额定容积,单位为升(L);
Me- 样车额定载质量,单位为千克(kg);
M - 样车总质量,单位为千克(kg);
M0 - 样车空载质量,单位为千克(kg);
ρ- 水的密度,单位为千克每升(kg/L)。
0MM
= (2)
式中:
Vy- 罐体总容积,单位为升(L);
My- 样车罐体充满水时整车质量,单位为千克(kg)。
c) 罐体充装率
= ×100%(3)
式中:
- 罐体充装率,% 。
5.3.2.1 试验条件如下:
a) 环境温度为 25℃±5℃;风速不大于 3m/s;
b) 车辆为静止状态停放在试验场地上;
c) 沥青罐按额定容量注满温度为 130℃的基质沥青;
d) 加热装置不工作;
e) 沥青泵处于停止状态。
5.3.2.2 试验方法:
a) 沥青温度采用两点测量,测点 A位于沥青液面下 200 mm处;测点 B 位于加热管之间(与管路
距离不应小于 200mm)、罐体最低点以上 300 mm处。如图 1所示:
b) 计时开始时测试起始温度,之后每隔 30min测量一次温度值,试验结果记入表 A.2。
5.3.3 泵送卸料系统密封性能试验
5.3.3.1 试验条件:
环境温度不低于5℃。
5.3.3.2 试验方法:
a) 将系统始、尾两端连接法兰加盲垫固定牢靠,形成封闭系统;
b) 连接空压机或高压气源向系统加压,当气压达到系统工作压力的 2倍时保持系统压力恒定;
c) 在系统各元器件及管路连接处涂抹肥皂水,随涂随观察,无气泡产生为不渗漏。
5.3.4 加热系统加热性能试验
a) 燃油箱注满燃油,保证燃烧器连续工作时间不少于 4h;
b) 环境温度为 25℃±5℃、风速不大于 3m/s;
c) 车辆处于静止状态;
d) 沥青罐按额定容积注满基质沥青,沥青温度应不低于 110℃。
5.3.4.2 试验方法:
a) 测点布置同 5.3.2.2 a);
b) 按使用说明书规定的程序和方法点燃燃烧器;
c) 待燃烧正常后 1h开始试验,此时可启动沥青泵进行内循环;
d) 计时开始时测试起始温度,之后每隔 1h测量一次温度值;
5.3.4.3 试验结果记入表 A.3。
5.3.5 液压系统试验
5.3.5.1 液压油温度
5.3.5.1.1 试验条件如下:
a) 天气:无雨,风速不大于 3m/s;
b) 样车空载。
5.3.5.1.2 试验方法:
a) 在液压油油箱内设置温度计;
b) 启动沥青泵 1h后开始测量液压油温度,之后每隔 30min测量一次;
5.3.5.1.3 试验结果记入表 A.4。
5.3.5.2 液压油固体颗粒污染物
按 GB/T 14039的规定进行试验,试验数据记入表 A.5。
5.3.5.3 管路密封性
液压油温度试验结束后观察管路各连接处,无发汗现象或液滴渗出为不渗漏。
6 检验规则
6.1 出厂检验
6.1.1 出厂检验为逐辆检验,由制造商的质量检验部门检验合格后出具机动车整车出厂合格证方可出
厂。
6.2 型式检验
6.2.1 检验条件
a) 有下列情况之一者,应进行型式检验:
b) 新产品或老产品转厂生产的试制定型时;
c) 产品停产 3年后,恢复生产时;
d) 正常生产的产量累计 500辆时;
e) 正式生产后,如结构、材料、工艺有较大改变,可能影响产品性能时;
f) 出厂检验与定型检验有重大差异时。
6.2.2 检验项目
6.2.3 检验规则
型式检验时,如属6.2.1中a) 、b)两种情况,应按(表1规定的检验项目逐一进行检验)第5章的内
容和国家有关标准进行检验;如属于6.2.1中c),应对专用性能进行检验;如属6.2.1中d) 、e)两种情
况,可仅对受影响的项目进行检验。
表1 检验项目表
序号 检验项目 技术要求 试验方法
出厂检
型式检
1 外廓尺寸、质量与轴荷 4.2.1
△ △
2 最高车速 4.2.4 - △
3 限速装置 4.2.4 - △
4 噪声 4.2.6 -- △
5 制动性能 4.2.7 △ △
6 侧面及后下部防护 4.2.8 -- △
7 尾部标志板 4.2.9 △ △
8 外部照明和光信号装置 4.2.10 △ △
9 车身反光标识 4.2.11 △ △
11 罐体充装率 4.4.1.1 5.3.1 - △
12 罐体保温性能 4.4.1.7 5.3.2 - △
13 卸料系统密封性 4.4.3 5.3.3 △ △
14 加热系统加热性能 4.4.4.1 5.3.4 - △
液压
系统
液压油温度 4.4.2.2 5.3.5.1 -
△ 液压油固体颗粒污染物 4.4.2.3 5.3.5.2 -
密封性 4.4.2.4 5.3.5.3 △
系统
控制功能 4.4.5.1
目测
系统配置与动作 4.4.5.3 △
17 外观及其它项目 △ △
7 标志、随车文件、包装、运输与贮存
7.1 标志
7.1.1 应设置整车产品标牌,同时还应有底盘的产品标牌;整车产品标牌的内容应符合 GB 7258的规
定,标牌的固定、位置和型式应符合 GB/T 18411的要求。
7.1.3 应在罐体两侧后部、罐体中心线的水平面上方喷涂装运介质名称,字高不小于 200mm、字色为
红色。
7.2 随车文件
随车文件主要应包括:
a) 产品合格证(含二类底盘);
b) 产品使用说明书;使用说明书应按 GB 7258 相关要求和 GB/T 9969的规定编制,说明书应提示
在沥青罐内无沥青时不允许点火加热;当沥青液面不高于加热管上表面 200mm时应间断小火加
热;
c) 二类底盘及其它主要配套件使用说明书;
e) 装箱单。
7.3 包装
7.3.1 沥青车采用裸装,随车备件及工具应作防锈处理。
7.3.2 随车文件采用防潮材料包装。
7.4 运输
沥青车运输为整车自行运输(液态沥青运输半挂车应由牵引车牵引),行驶时应符合国家道路运输
车辆的交通运输规则。
7.5 贮存
7.5.1 应存放在干燥通风的库房内,露天停放时应对加热系统进行防雨处置,并妥善保管。
保养。
A A
附 录 A
(资料性附录)
液态沥青运输车试验记录
表A.1 罐体充装率试验记录表
样车名称: 样车型号:
出厂编号: 试验日期:
天气情况:
项目 单位
试验值
平均值
1 2 3
空载质量,M0 kg
满罐水时样车总质
量,My
kg
总质量,M kg
罐体总容积,Vy L
罐体充装率,η %
表A.2 罐体保温性能试验记录表
样车名称: 样车型号:
出厂编号: 试验日期:
天气情况: 风 速:
试验地点: 试验人员:
时 间 (min) 0(起始点) 30 60 90
温度
测点 A
测点 B
平均值
环境温度
测点平均小时温降
(℃/h)
测点 A 总平均小时温降
(℃/h)
测点 B
样车名称: 样车型号:
出厂编号: 试验日期:
天气情况: 风 速:
试验地点: 试验人员:
时 间 (h) 0(起始点) 1 2 n
温度
(℃)
测点 A
测点 B
环境温度
测点平均升温
(℃/h)
测点 A 总平均升温
(℃/h) 测点 B
表A.4 液压油温度试验记录表
样车名称: 样车型号:
出厂编号: 试验日期:
天气情况:
序号
时间
(min)
试验值
(℃)
备注
1 0(起始时间)
2 30
3 60

QC/T 1100-2019
(Liquid asphalt carrier)
ICS 43.160
T 58
QC
People's Republic of China Automotive Industry Standard
Liquid Asphalt Transporter
Liquid asphalt tank truck
2019-8-27 released
2020-1-1 implementation
Published by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of the People's Republic of China
Contents
Foreword ... II
1 Scope ... 1
2 Normative references ... 1
3 Terms and definitions ... 2
4 Technical requirements ... 2
5 Test methods ... 5
6 Inspection rules ... 8
7 Signs, on-board documents, packaging, transportation and storage ... 9
Appendix A (Informative) Test Record of Liquid Asphalt Transporter ... 11
Foreword
This standard was drafted in accordance with the rules of GB/T 1.1-2009.
This standard was proposed and managed by the National Automotive Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC 114).
The main drafters of this standard. Xi'an Dagang Road Machinery Co., Ltd., Luzhou Xingyang Automobile Co., Ltd., Wuhu CIMC Ruijiang Automobile
Co., Ltd., Hanyang Special Purpose Vehicle Research Institute, Quality Inspection Center for Special Purpose Vehicle Products of Machinery Industry.
The main drafters of this standard. Sun Jianxi, Du Wenxue, Sun Jialong, Gao Guozhuang, Gong Yongjie, Gu Jinxiang, Feng Huijian, Wang Yongbin, Zhang Xin
Qiang, Huangfu Jianhong, Ou Yuhong, Wang Meigang, Zhang Xinong.
This standard is issued for the first time.
Liquid Asphalt Transporter
1 Scope
This standard specifies the terms and definitions of liquid asphalt transport vehicles, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules and signs, on-board documents,
Packaging, transportation and storage.
This standard is applicable to liquid asphalt transport vehicles and liquid asphalt transport semi-trailers (hereinafter referred to as asphalt vehicles) modified by second-class chassis of stereotyped vehicles.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential for the application of this document. For dated references, only the dated version applies to this document.
For undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) applies to this document.
GB 1495 Vehicle acceleration noise limit and measurement method
GB 1589 car, trailer and car train dimensions, axle loads and mass limits
GB/T 3766 General rules and safety requirements for hydraulic drive systems and their components
GB 4208 enclosure protection grade (IP code)
GB 4351.1 Portable Fire Extinguishers Part 1 Performance and Structural Requirements
GB/T 4606 The basic dimensions, installation and interchangeable dimensions of the 50th tow pin of the semi-trailer traction seat
GB/T 4607 Basic dimensions, installation and interchangeable dimensions of traction pin No. 90 for semi-trailer traction seat of road vehicles
GB 4785 Installation regulations for external lighting and light signal devices of automobiles and trailers
GB 5226.1 Mechanical and electrical safety. Mechanical and electrical equipment. Part 1. General technical requirements
GB 7258 Motor vehicle safety technical requirements
GB/T 9969 General Instructions for Use of Industrial Products
GB 11567 requirements for side and rear lower guards for cars and trailers
GB/T 12544 Test method for maximum vehicle speed
GB 12676 Technical requirements and test methods for braking systems of commercial vehicles and trailers
GB/T 14039-2002 Code for pollution degree of solid particles in hydraulic transmission oil
GB/T 15088 Road Vehicle Traction Pin Strength Test
GB 15741 Car and trailer number plate (frame) and its location
GB 16735 road vehicle vehicle identification code (VIN)
GB/T 18411 road vehicle product label
GB 18564.1 Road transport liquid dangerous goods tank vehicles-Part 1 Metal atmospheric tanks
GB 19151 triangle warning signs for motor vehicles
GB.20178 General rules for safety labels for earthmoving machinery
GB/T 23336 General technical requirements for semi-trailers
GB 25990 Vehicle rear sign board
GB/T 26777 trailer support
JB/T 5943 General technical conditions for welding of construction machinery
JB/T 5945 General technical conditions for engineering machinery assembly
JB/T 5946 General technical conditions for painting of construction machinery
JT/T 475 semi-trailer axle
QC/T 252 Special vehicle type test rules
3 terms and definitions
The following terms and definitions apply to this document.
3.1
The volume of water the tank can hold at room temperature.
3.2
Rated tank volume
The volume occupied by the asphalt inside the tank when the asphalt truck is rated load.
3.3
Filling ratio
The ratio of the rated volume of the tank to the total volume of the tank.
4 Technical requirements
4.1 General
Manufacturing of product drawings and technical documents.
4.1.2 The supporting parts and raw materials used in the asphalt vehicle shall comply with the relevant national standards or industry standards, and shall have an inspection certificate.
4.1.3 The welding of tanks shall comply with the relevant provisions of GB 18564.1. Weldments other than tanks shall comply with the provisions of JB/T 5943.
4.1.4 Parts shall be assembled only after passing the inspection. The assembly shall meet the requirements of JB/T 5945.
4.2 Vehicle
4.2.1 The outer dimensions, shaft loads and mass limits shall comply with the provisions of GB 1589.
4.2.2 The operation safety shall meet the requirements of GB 7258.
4.2.3 The number plate (frame) shall meet the requirements of GB 15741.
4.2.4 The maximum speed of the asphalt vehicle should not exceed 80km/h.
The height of the lowest point from the ground after being stowed should not be less than 320mm; the traction pin should meet the requirements of GB/T 4606 or GB/T 4607.
4.2.6 The noise near the driver's ear should comply with the provisions of GB 7258; the noise outside the car during acceleration should meet the requirements of GB 1495.
4.2.7 The braking performance shall meet the relevant regulations of GB 12676, GB 7258 and GB/T 23336.
4.2.8 The side protection and the rear lower protection device shall comply with the provisions of GB 11567. The tank and the pipelines and pipeline accessories on the tank shall not exceed
Vehicle side and rear lower guards. And the outer end of the pipeline and pipeline accessories on the rear head of the tank and the rear head and the rear lower protective device
The distance of the inside vertical projection in the vehicle length direction should be greater than or equal to 150mm.
4.2.9 The tail marking plate and its installation position shall meet the requirements of GB 25990.
4.2.10 The light color, quantity and installation of external lighting and light signal devices shall comply with the provisions of GB 4785.
4.2.11 The reflective markings of the car body shall comply with the provisions of GB 7258.
4.2.13 The roll stability angle shall meet the requirements of GB 7258.
4.2.14 All rotating and high-temperature parts that pose a danger to drivers and maintenance personnel shall be provided with protective covers and isolation devices, and shall be in accordance with GB
20178 requires the installation of eye-catching safety signs and hazard pictorial signs.
4.2.15 Portable fire extinguishers for vehicles that comply with the provisions of GB 4351.1 shall be provided, and shall be placed securely and easily accessible.
4.2.16 Triangular warning signs for motor vehicles shall be provided in accordance with GB 19151.
4.3 Appearance
4.3.1 The paint coating shall meet the requirements of JB/T 5946.
4.3.2 Various pipelines and lines shall be arranged neatly and reliably, and there shall be no interference or friction with moving parts.
4.3.3 The outer surface of the complete vehicle shall be smooth and flat, and there shall be no defects such as crushing, scratches, etc.
4.4.1 Tank
4.4.1.1 The maximum filling rate of the tank body should not be greater than 95% and should not be less than 85%; the maximum filling capacity of the tank body should not be greater than the rated load of the asphalt vehicle
the amount.
4.4.1.2 The thickness of the steel plate used in the cylinder and the head of the tank shall comply with the relevant requirements of GB 18564.1;
The volume between the wave plate and the wave plate and the adjacent head should not be greater than 7.5m3; its bottom and top should be able to communicate with each other, and it should be convenient for personnel
In and out; the thickness of the wave shield should be consistent with the thickness of the cylinder.
4.4.1.3 Manholes shall be provided on the top of the tank. Manholes should be round holes with a nominal diameter of 500mm or more or 500mm × 400mm oval holes;
The manhole should be closed by a top cover. The top cover should be opened flexibly and tightly closed. It should be able to prevent rainwater from falling or seeping in. The top of the tank should be provided with a non-slip passage
Road; fixed or foldable guardrails shall be provided, in which the height of the folded guardrail shall not be less than 800mm, and the guardrail shall be locked and secure when raised and retracted.
4.4.1.5 An escalator for the upper and lower tanks shall be provided on the outside of the tank, and an escalator or other device shall be provided at the manhole to facilitate the entry and exit of the tank.
4.4.1.6 A breathing device shall be provided on the upper part of the tank. The breathing device shall adopt a tubular structure (referred to as breathing tube). The breathing tube should meet the following requirements.
a) its diameter should not be less than 65mm, and it should ensure smooth flow;
b) The plane of the mouth of the breathing tube should not be less than 20mm from the top surface of the tank.
4.4.1.7 Asphalt tanks shall be provided with a thermal insulation layer, and the thermal insulation materials shall be non-corrosive; the asphalt vehicle is fully loaded with 130 ° C matrix asphalt, and the ambient temperature is 25 ° C
When parked under the conditions of ± 5 ℃ and wind speed not greater than 3m/s, the asphalt temperature drop in the tank should not exceed 3 ℃/h.
4.4.1.8 The overlapped parts of the outer skin shall be close and flat, and shall be able to prevent the infiltration of rainwater.
4.4.1.9 Liquid level display and temperature display devices shall be provided. Full-position alarm should be set, and the full-position alarm device should not fail due to asphalt condensation.
4.4.2 Hydraulic system
Regulations.
4.4.2.2 Under normal working conditions of asphalt vehicles, the temperature of hydraulic oil in the hydraulic system should not exceed 80 ° C.
4.4.2.3 The hydraulic system shall be provided with a filter, and the solid particle pollution level of the hydraulic oil shall not be greater than that specified in GB/T 14039-2002-/17/14.
4.4.2.4 The hydraulic system shall have good sealing performance.
4.4.3 Unloading system
4.4.3.1 Basic requirements
Unloading system can be installed without emergency shut-off valve.
4.4.3.2 Gravity discharge
The self-discharging system is mainly composed of a discharge port pipe, a discharge valve, a discharge pipe interface assembly and a discharge pipe. Each part shall meet the following requirements.
b) The discharge pipe interface assembly should be closed and reliable in any state except discharge;
c) The discharge pipe should be oil and heat resistant.
4.4.3.3 Pump discharge
The asphalt truck should be equipped with an asphalt pumping system for discharging, and it should be able to circulate the asphalt in the tank. The system should meet the following requirements.
a) Asphalt pump should choose large displacement heat pump;
b) The system should be equipped with a thermal insulation asphalt three-way valve, the diameter of which should match the asphalt pump, and the three-way valve should be closed tightly and locked during transportation.
reliable;
c) the system should have reliable tightness;
d) The heat transfer oil heating system should be used to heat and heat the asphalt pump, three-way valve and pipeline. The heat transfer oil heating system should meet the following requirements.
1) It should be able to absorb the waste heat of the flue gas or other heat to heat up the heat transfer oil;
2) The system should be capable of cycling;
3) The system should be sealed and reliable.
4.4.4 Heating system
4.4.4.1 When the ambient temperature is 25 ℃ ± 5 ℃, the wind speed is lower than 3m/s, the vehicle is under the rated load, and the asphalt temperature in the tank is lower than 120 ℃
At this time, the heating system should be able to make the average temperature of the asphalt in the tank no less than 10 ℃ per hour.
4.4.4.2 The heating system shall be provided with heating pipes. The heating pipes shall meet the following requirements.
a) The heating pipes arranged in the tank should be close to the bottom of the tank, and there should be a certain gap with the bottom of the tank;
b) The pipeline should be able to ensure the smooth flow of flue gas, and U-shaped structure should be adopted;
d) The pipeline should not leak.
4.4.4.3 The heating device shall be a light diesel burner or other heating device capable of meeting the requirements of 4.4.4.1. Light diesel burners should be used
Meets the following requirements.
a) The burner should be easy to ignite;
b) The power source for the burner of the liquid asphalt transport vehicle should be its chassis power source;
c) The liquid asphalt transport semi-trailer should be equipped with a generator to provide power to the burner or use 220V external power at the site.
4.4.4.4 The chimney shall be close to the end surface of the tank body, and shall have high temperature and weather resistance; the smoke exhaust port shall be provided with a rainproof device.
4.4.5 Electrical system
4.4.5.1 The control function of the electrical system shall meet the requirements of GB 5226.1.
4.4.5.3 All control devices and components shall be sensitive, accurate, safe and reliable.
5 Test method
5.1 Type test
Asphalt car type test is carried out according to QC/T 252.
5.2 Mandatory inspection
Asphalt vehicle outline dimensions, axle loads and mass limits, external lighting and light signaling devices, side and rear protection, noise, body reflection
Tests such as light identification and speed limit devices are conducted in accordance with relevant mandatory standards.
5.3 Special device and system test
5.3.1 Tank filling rate
a) The fuel and hydraulic oil of the prototype vehicle are filled up according to regulations, and the tools and accessories are provided with the vehicle;
b) The number of cabin occupants is the same as the number of seats.
5.3.1.2 Test method.
a) The sample vehicle is idling, and the engine is extinguished after stopping on the weighing machine, the transmission is in neutral, and the sample vehicle is no-load mass M0;
b) The asphalt tank is filled with water, and the weight of the entire vehicle My is taken when the tank is full;
c) The sample car is stopped on the weighing machine according to the state of b), the asphalt tank is drained to the outside, and at the same time, observe that the weighing machine reaches the total mass (the full load of the vehicle)
Stop draining water and record the total mass M.
5.3.1.3 The test results are entered in Table A.1.
The test data is processed as follows.

-MMM
V e == (1)
In the formula.
Ve- rated volume of tank body, unit is liter (L);
Me- rated load capacity of the prototype vehicle in kilograms (kg);
M-total mass of the prototype, in kilograms (kg);
M0-unloaded mass of the sample car, unit is kilogram (kg);
ρ-density of water in kilograms per liter (kg/L).
相关标准:  QC/T 719-2019
   
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