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QC/T 218-2017

标准搜索结果: 'QC/T 218-2017'
标准号码内文价格(元)第2步交付天数标准名称状态
QC/T 218-2017 英文版 RFQ 询价 有增值税发票,[PDF]天数 <=6 汽车用转向管柱上组合开关技术条件 有效

   
标准详细信息 QC/T 218-2017; QC/T218-2017; QCT 218-2017; QCT218-2017
中文名称: 汽车用转向管柱上组合开关技术条件
英文名称: (Technical conditions for combination switch on steering column for automobile)
行业: 汽车行业标准 (推荐)
发布日期: 2017-01-09
实施日期: 2017-07-01
旧标准 (被替代): QC/T 218-1996
标准依据: 工业和信息化部公告2017年第2号
范围: 本标准规定了汽车用转向管柱上组合开关的术语和定义、要求、试验方法、检验规则等。

QC/T 218-2017
Technical specification of steering column switch for vehicles
汽车用转向管柱上组合开关技术条件
1 范 围
本标准规定了汽车用转向管柱上组合开关(以下简称“组合开关”) 的术语和定义、要求、
试验方法、检验规则等。
本标准适用于安装在汽车转向管柱上的组合开关。
2 规 范 性 引 用 文 件
下列文件对于本标准的应用是必不可少的。 凡是注日期的引用文件, 仅所注日期的版本适用于
本标准。 凡是不注日期的引用文件,其最新版本(包括所有的修改单)适用于本标准。
GB 4094 汽车操纵件、指示器和信号装置的标志
QC/T 625-1999 汽车用涂镀层和化学处理层
GB/T 18655-2010 车辆、船和内燃机无线电骚扰特性用于保护车载接收机的限值和测量方法
GB/T 21437.2-2008 道路车辆由传导和耦合引起的电骚扰第 2 部分:沿电源线的电瞬态传导
GB/T 21437.3-2012 道路车辆由传导和耦合引起的电骚扰第 3 部分:
除电源线外的导线通过容性和感性耦合的电瞬态发射
GB/T 19951-2005 道路车辆静电放电产生的电骚扰试验方法
GB/T 33014.2-2016 道路车辆电气/电子部件对窄带辐射电磁能的抗扰性试验方法第 2部分:电波暗室法
GB/T 33014.4-2016 道路车辆电气/电子部件对窄带辐射电磁能的抗扰性试验方法第 4部分:大电流注入法(BCI)
GB/T 28046.1-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 1 部分:一般规定
GB/T 28046.2-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 2 部分:电气负载
GB/T 28046.3-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 3 部分:机械负载
GB/T 28046.4-2011 道路车辆电气及电子设备的环境条件和试验第 4 部分:气候负载
GB/T 2828.1-2012 计数抽样检验程序第 1 部分:按接收质量限(AQL)检索的逐批检验抽样计划
QC/T 413-2002 汽车电气设备基本技术条件
3 术 语 和 定 义
3.1
转向管柱上组合开关 steering column switches
安装在汽车转向管柱上,由控制汽车的灯光、信号、电器等部件的开关组合而成的装置。
3.2
电子式组合开关 electrical steering column switches
电路中包含有电子元器件的组合开关。
3.3
有源电子式组合开关 active electrical steering column switches
电路中包含有源电子元器件的电子式组合开关。 有源电子元器件如模拟放大电路、 开关电源、
基于微处理器的控制器等。
3.4
自动回位机构 auto return framework
转向灯开关的手柄在左(L)或右(R)挡位的状态下, 转向盘从左转或右转位置返回到原位时,
使手柄自动回位到中间(N)挡位, 且安装在开关内的机构。
3.5
速度特性 speed character
自动回位机构承受转向盘高速返回时撤销转向信号的特性。
4 要求
4.1 一般要求
4.1.1 产品图样和技术文件。
组合开关应符合本标准要求并按经规定程序批准的产品图样和技术文件要求制造。
4.1.2 外观。
组合开关应有良好的外观质量, 结构应完整无损, 无错装、 漏装等装配不良现象;表面漆膜应均匀,
无气泡、空白、 堆积和流溢现象;金属零件应具有防腐蚀层; 塑料零件应无裂纹、无影响使用和外观的变形。
组合开关使用的指示和信号标识符号应符合 GB 4094 规定。 标识符号应清晰, 无局部脱落、 皱缩或模糊现象。
4.1.3 尺 寸。
组合开关尺寸应符合该型产品图样的规定。
4.2 额 定 负 载
组合开关额定负载应符合产品技术文件的规定。
4.3 功能、性能及特性
4.3.1 挡 位 及 功 能。
组合开关挡位应转换灵活,定位准确可靠,无松动和阻滞现象。 具有自动回位功能的开关, 当外
力消除后,应能自动准确回位。 从一个挡位进人另一个挡位, 组合开关标识符号表示位置应正确。
其功能一般可包括表 1 所列的部分或全部功能, 根据需要,亦可具有表 1 未列出的功能。
4.21 供电电压缓降和缓升
电子式组合开关应进行供电电压缓降和缓升试验。 试验中, 功能及功能特性和电压降应符合
4.3.4.7的规定;试验后应通断正常。
4.22 供电电压瞬态变化
4.22.1 供电电压瞬时下降。
电子式组合开关应进行供电电压瞬时下降试验。 试验中, 功能及功能特性和电压降应符合 4.3、
4.7 的规定;试验后应通断正常。
4.22.2 对电压骤降的复位性能。
电子式组合开关应进行对电压骤降的复位性能试验。 试验中,功能及功能特性和电压降应符合
4.3、4.7 的规定;试验后应通断正常。
4.23 反向电压
电子式组合开关应进行反向电压试验。 试验后, 在恢复正常的连接后应通断正常。
4.24 开路试验
电子式组合开关应进行开路试验。 试验后, 在恢复正常的连接后应通断正常。
4.25 短路保护
4.25.1 信号电路。
信号电路构成的组合开关应进行短路保护试验。 试验后, 在恢复正常的连接后应通断正常。
4.25.2 负载电路。
负载电路构成的组合开关应进行短路保护试验。 试验后, 所有电子保护输出端应确保能承受短
路电流, 且在切断短路电流后能恢复到正常工作(功能状态为 GB/T 28046.1-2011 定义的 C 级) 。
态为 GB/T 28046.1-2011 定义的D 级)。
所有无保护输出端允许被实验电流烧坏(功能状态为 GB/T 28046.1-2011 定义的 E级)
4.26 绝缘电阻
组合开关中无电流连接的接点间及无电流连接的接点和壳体间的绝缘电阻应大于 lo Mn。
4.27 电磁兼容性能
4.27.1 传导发射。
有源电子式组合开关应进行传导发射试验。 被测组合开关试样的传导骚扰限值(峰值和平均
值)需符合 GB/T 18655-2010 中等级 3 的相关要求。
4.27.2 射频辐射发射。
均值)需符合 GB/T 18655-2010 中等级 3 的相关要求。
4.27.3 电压瞬态发射。
有源电子式组合开关应进行电压瞬态发射试验。 被测样件的瞬态电压值要求如下: 对于 12 V
系统车辆:正极瞬态电压不应超过 75 V,负极瞬态电压不应超过 - 100 V;对于 24 V 系统车辆: 正极
瞬态电压不应超过 150 V,负极瞬态电压不应超过- 450 V。
4.27.4 射频抗干扰一电波暗室法。
5.6 操 作 声 音 试 验
试验在静音室内进行, 背景噪音水平不大于 36 dB。 将组合开关装于专用试验台上。 放置一个
麦克风,其纵向轴线与开关被测量部位中心垂直,距离开关被测量部位中心 200
5.7 电 压 降 试 验
对组合开关的所用功能分别进行电压降检测。 开关连接产品专用规范规定的负载或其他规定
负载, 触点以带电方式激活 3 次,然后用毫伏表测量输出端的电压降, 每对输出端测量 3 次,测量取
其平均值。
5.8 触 点 温 升 试 验
开关连接产品专用规范规定的负载, 接通回路进行测试。 在离每个触点最近的引出接线端处分
别测量温升。 如果 30 min 内温度上升值不大于 1 C时, 可认为温度达到稳定, 记录测量值作为测试结果。
5.9 触点颤动试验
开关连接产品专用规范规定的负载, 用示波器测量各开关在接通和断开时的触点颤动时间。 人
5.10 耐温度性能试验
5.10.1 耐低温性能试验。
5.10.1.1 耐低温贮存性能试验。
按照 GB/T 28046.4一2011 中 5.1.1.1 规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.10.1.2 耐低温运行性能试验。
将组合开关装于专用试验台上, 并将试验台置于低温箱内。 按照 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中
5.1.1.2规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.10.2 耐高温性能试验。
5.10.2.1 耐高温贮存性能试验。
5.10.2.2 耐髙温运行性能试验。
将组合开关装于专用试验台上, 并将试验台置于高温箱内, 按照 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中
5.1.2.2规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.11 耐温度循环变化性能试验
按照 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中 5.3.1 规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.12 耐湿热循环性能试验
按照 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中 5.6.2.2 规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.13 耐盐雾性能试验
按照 GB/T 28046.4-2011 中 5.5.1 规定的试验方法进行试验。
将组合幵关装于专用试验台上,加上所有屏蔽和罩盖,不关闭排水孔, 放入试验箱内。
尘采用亚利桑那灰。 空气混合灰尘运动 6 s, 暂停 15 min 为 1 个循环;共计做 20 个循环。
5.15 耐振动性能试验
将组合开关安装在振动试验台上, 乘用车按照 GB/T 28046.3-2011 中 4.1.2.4 规定的试验方
法进行试验,商用车按照 GB/T 28046.3-2011 中 4.1.2.7 规定的试验方法进行试验。
5.16 标识符号强度试验
5.16.1 耐化学试剂性能试验。
针对组合开关上带有标示符号的零件进行试验。 将室内清洁剂、含咖啡和糖的饮料、玻璃清洁
剂、去污剂、人工汗液试剂各 50 mL,用 30 cmX 30 cm 的纯棉毛巾吸入沾湿零件表面, 然后在空气中
污剂、人工汗液的试样在室温条件下存放) , 之后评估检测项目。
5.16.2 附着力性能试验。
针对组合开关上带有标示符号的零件进行试验。 以 20 mm/s〜50 mm/s 均勻速度, 间距 1
在零件标示符号表面切割网格, 然后用胶带(3M 610 型号或供需双方协商)黏合在切割表面 1 min ~ 2 min 后,
保持与切割表面垂直瞬间撕离,之后评估检测项目。
5.16.3 耐磨性能试验。
针对组合开关上带有标示符号的零件进行试验。 将摩擦仪的塞子用干燥的摩擦织物(无色、 漂
白的粗棉麻布)包上,在干燥的开关标识符号表面上施加 9 N 的压力进行摩擦运动。 以 16 次/min
的速度,行程为 20 cm,往返进行 2 000 次摩擦运动, 之后检测评估项目。
5.17.1 耐久性试验规则。
对于组合开关不同部分, 分别按照下列方法进行试验。 对于一体式开关, 试验采用同一组样件
依次进行如下试验;对于分体式开关,对同一分体上的开关采用同一组样件依次进行试验, 不同分体
可以分开进行试验。
5.17.2 转向灯开关。
开关连接产品专用规范规定的负载或其他规定负载, 以 15 次/min ~ 30 次/min 的速率进行试
验。 每一全转换工作循环包括下列内容:
a) OFF-左(或右)变道一左(或右)转向
b) 使用专用的夹具执行开关的自动回位动作
每个挡位的转换时间为 0.1 s ~ 0.5 s,每个挡位的停顿时间为 1 s ~ 2 s, 每一全转换结束后停留时间为 5 s ~ 7 s。
5.17.3 变光开关。
开关连接产品专用规范规定的负载或其他规定负载, 以 15 次/min〜30 次/min 的速率进行试验。

QC/T 218-2017
Technical specification of steering column switch for vehicles
Technical requirements for combination switches on automotive steering column
1 Scope
This standard specifies the terms and definitions, requirements, test methods,
Inspection rules, etc.
This standard applies to combination switches installed on the steering column of automobiles.
2 Normative references
The following documents are essential for the application of this standard. For dated references, only the dated version applies
This standard. For undated references, the latest version (including all amendments) is applicable to this standard.
GB 4094 Marks for vehicle controls, indicators and signaling devices
QC/T 625-1999 Coating and chemical treatment layer for automobile
GB/T 186 55-2010 Limits and measurement methods for radio disturbance characteristics of vehicles, ships and internal combustion engines to protect on-board receivers
GB/T 21437.2-2008 Road vehicles. Electrical disturbances caused by conduction and coupling. Part 2. Electrical transient conduction along power lines
GB/T 21437.3-2012 Road vehicles. Electrical disturbances caused by conduction and coupling. Part 3. Except power lines
Electrical transient emission of a wire through capacitive and inductive coupling
GB/T.19951-2005 Test method for electric disturbance caused by electrostatic discharge of road vehicles
GB/T 33014.2-2016 Road vehicle electrical/electronic components immunity test method for narrowband radiated electromagnetic energy-Part 2. Anechoic chamber
GB/T 33014.4-2016 Road vehicle electrical/electronic components immunity test method for narrow band radiated electromagnetic energy. Part 4. Large current injection method
GB/T 28046.1-2011 Environmental conditions and tests for electrical and electronic equipment of road vehicles. Part 1. General requirements
GB/T 28046.2-2011 Environmental conditions and tests for electrical and electronic equipment of road vehicles. Part 2. Electrical loads
GB/T 28046.3-2011 Environmental conditions and tests for electrical and electronic equipment of road vehicles. Part 3. Mechanical loads
GB/T 28046.4-2011 Environmental conditions and tests for electrical and electronic equipment of road vehicles Part 4. Climate load
GB/T 2828.1-2012 Counting sampling inspection procedure Part 1. Sampling plan for batch inspection inspection according to acceptance quality limit (AQL)
QC/T 413-2002 Basic technical requirements for automotive electrical equipment
3 terms and definitions
Column F terms and definitions apply to this standard.
3.1
Steering column switches on steering column
The device is installed on the steering column of a car and is a combination of switches that control the lights, signals, and electrical components of the car.
3.2
Electronic combination switch electrical steering column switches
The circuit contains a combination switch of electronic components.
3.3
Active electrical steering column switches
Electronic combination switch with active electronic components in the circuit. Active electronic components such as analog amplifier circuits, switching power supplies,
Microprocessor-based controllers, etc.
3.4
Auto return framework
When the handle of the turn signal switch is in the left (L) or right (R) position, the steering wheel returns from the left or right position
Mechanism for automatically returning the handle to the middle (N) position and installed in the switch.
3.5
Speed character
The automatic return mechanism withstands the characteristic of canceling the steering signal when the steering wheel returns at high speed.
4 Requirements
4.1 General requirements
4.1.1 Product drawings and technical documents.
The combination switch shall comply with the requirements of this standard and be manufactured in accordance with the requirements of product drawings and technical documents approved by prescribed procedures.
4. 1.2 Appearance.
The combination switch should have good appearance quality, the structure should be intact, and there should be no bad assembly such as wrong installation and missing installation;
No bubbles, blanks, accumulation and overflow; metal parts should have anti-corrosion layer; plastic parts should have no cracks, no deformation that affects use and appearance.
The indication and signal identification symbols used by the combination switch shall comply with the provisions of GB 4094. The identification symbols shall be clear and free from local shedding, shrinkage or blurring.
4. 1.3 Dimensions.
The size of the combination switch should conform to the specifications of the product model.
4. 2 Rated load
The rated load of the combination switch shall comply with the provisions of the product technical documentation.
4.3 Function, performance and characteristics
4. 3.1 Gears and functions.
The combination switch gear position should be flexible to switch, accurate and reliable positioning, no loosening and blocking phenomenon. Switch with automatic return function
After the force is eliminated, it should be able to return automatically and accurately. From one gear to another, the combination switch identification symbol indicates that the position should be correct.
Its functions can generally include some or all of the functions listed in Table 1. If necessary, it can also have functions not listed in Table 1.
4.2 1 Slow drop and rise of power supply voltage
The electronic combination switch shall be subjected to the slow drop and slow rise test of the supply voltage. During the test, the functions and functional characteristics and voltage drop shall meet
The provisions of 4.3.4.7; after the test, it should be on and off normally.
4. 22 Transient change of supply voltage
4. 22. 1 The supply voltage drops momentarily.
The electronic combination switch shall be subjected to a transient drop test of the supply voltage. During the test, the functions and functional characteristics and voltage drop shall comply with 4.3,
4.7 provisions; after the test should be on and off normally.
4. 22. 2 Reset performance against voltage dips.
Electronic combination switches shall be tested for reset performance against voltage sags. During the test, the functions and functional characteristics and voltage drop shall meet
4.2 3 Reverse voltage
Electronic combination switches shall be tested for reverse voltage. After the test, the connection should be normal after the connection is restored.
4.2 4 Open circuit test
Electronic combination switches shall be tested for open circuit. After the test, the connection should be normal after the connection is restored.
4. 2 5 short circuit protection
4.2 5. 1 Signal circuit.
The combination switch constituted by the signal circuit shall be subjected to a short-circuit protection test. After the test, the connection should be normal after the connection is restored.
4. 2 5. 2 Load circuit.
The combination switch constituted by the load circuit shall be subjected to a short-circuit protection test. After the test, all electronic protection outputs shall be able to withstand short
All conventional fuse protection output terminals should be able to withstand short-circuit currents and return to normal operation (functional status) after fuse replacement
Class D as defined in GB/T 28046.1-2011). All unprotected outputs are allowed to be burned by the experimental current (function status is
GB/T 28046.1-2011 class E)
4.2 6 Insulation resistance
The insulation resistance between the non-current-connected contacts and between the non-current-connected contacts and the housing in the combination switch should be greater than 10MΩ.
4.2 7 EMC performance
4.2 7. 1 Conducted emission.
Active electronic combination switches shall be subjected to conducted emission tests. Conducted disturbance limits (peak and average) of the tested combination switch sample
Value) must meet the relevant requirements of level 3 in GB/T 18655-2010.
Active electronic combination switches shall be subjected to radio frequency radiation emission tests. Radiated disturbance limit (peak and peace) of the tested combination switch sample
Mean value) must meet the relevant requirements of level 3 in GB/T 18655-2010.
4.2 7. 3 Voltage transient emission.
Active electronic combination switches shall be subjected to a voltage transient emission test. The transient voltage requirements of the sample under test are as follows. for 12 V
System vehicles. The positive transient voltage should not exceed 75 V, and the negative transient voltage should not exceed -100 V; for 24 V system vehicles. positive
The transient voltage should not exceed 150 V, and the negative transient voltage should not exceed -450 V.
4.2 7. 4 RF anti-jamming-anechoic chamber method.
5. 6 Operational sound test
The test was conducted in a quiet room, and the background noise level was not greater than 36 dB. Install the combination switch on a special test bench. Place one
Function gears, and then measure the operating sound of each gear.
5. 7 Voltage drop test
Perform voltage drop detection on each function of the combination switch. The switch is connected to the load or other requirements specified in the product-specific specifications.
The load, the contacts are activated 3 times in a charged manner, and then the voltage drop at the output is measured with a millivolt meter. Each pair of outputs is measured 3 times.
Its average.
5.8 Contact temperature rise test
The switch is connected to the load specified in the product-specific specification, and the circuit is tested for testing. Distribute at the terminal closest to each contact
Do not measure temperature rise. If the temperature rise within 30 minutes is not greater than 1 "C, the temperature can be considered stable, and the measured value is recorded as a test
Operate each result normally.
The switch is connected to the load specified by the product-specific specifications, and the oscilloscope is used to measure the contact vibration time of each switch when it is turned on and off.
Manually simulate the different gears of the operating switch. For each gear, continuously measure the contact beating time 3 times, and take the average value.
5.10 Temperature resistance test
5.10.1 Low temperature resistance test.
5.10.1.1 Low temperature storage performance test.
Test in accordance with the test method specified in 5.1.1.1 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
5.10.1.2 Low temperature resistance performance test.
The combination switch is installed on a special test bench, and the test bench is placed in a low temperature box. According to GB/T 28046.4-2011
The test shall be carried out in accordance with the test method specified in 5.1.1.2.
5.10.2.1 High temperature storage performance test.
Test in accordance with the test method specified in 5.1.2.1 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
5.10.2.2 Test of running temperature resistance.
Install the combination switch on a special test bench, and place the test bench in a high temperature box according to GB/T 28046.4-2011
The test shall be carried out in accordance with the test method specified in 5.1.2.2.
5.11 Resistance to temperature cycling
Test in accordance with the test method specified in 5.3.1 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
5.12 Moisture and heat cycle resistance test
Test in accordance with the test method specified in 5.6.2.2 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
Test in accordance with the test method specified in 5.5.1 of GB/T 28046.4-2011.
5.14 Dust resistance test
Put the combination cock on the special test bench, add all the shields and covers, and put the drain hole in the test box without closing it. Dust Adopted
Lisanna ash. The air mixed dust moves for 6 s, and a 15-minute pause is 1 cycle; a total of 20 cycles are performed.
5.15 Vibration resistance test
Install the combination switch on the vibration test bench, and the passenger car shall be tested in accordance with 4.1.2.4 of GB/T 28046.3-2011.
The test is carried out by commercial vehicles according to the test method specified in 4.1.2.7 of GB/T 28046.3-2011.
5.16 Sign symbol strength test
5.16. 1 Chemical resistance test.
50 mL of detergent, detergent, artificial sweat reagent, use 30 cmX 30 cm cotton towel to inhale the surface of the wet parts, and then in the air
Dry for 15 s, followed by storage for 48 h (samples of indoor cleaners, coffee and sugar are stored at 80 X. conditions; glass cleaners, to
Samples of stains and artificial sweat are stored at room temperature), and then the test items are evaluated.
5.16. 2 Adhesion performance test.
The test is carried out on the parts with marked symbols on the combination switch. 20 mm/s ~ 50 mm/s uniform speed, pitch 1
Cut the grid on the surface of the part marking symbol, and then use tape (3M 610 model or negotiate between the supplier and the buyer) to adhere to the cutting surface for 1 min ~
After 2 minutes, keep it perpendicular to the cutting surface and tear off instantly, and then evaluate the test items.
5.16. 3 Abrasion resistance test.
The test is carried out on the parts with marked symbols on the combination switch. Use a dry rubbing fabric (colorless,
The speed is 20 cm, and 2,000 frictional movements are performed back and forth, and then the items are tested and evaluated.
5.17 Durability test
5.17. 1 Durability test rules.
For different parts of the combination switch, carry out the test according to the following methods. For integrated switches, the test uses the same set of samples
The following tests are performed in order; for split switches, the same set of samples are used for the switches on the same split, and different splits are tested sequentially.
Tests can be performed separately.
5.17.2 Turn signal switch.
The switch is connected to the load specified by the product-specific specifications or other specified loads, and the test is performed at a rate of 15 times/min to 30 times/min.
Each full conversion cycle includes the following.
b) Use the special fixture to perform the automatic return operation of the switch
c) OFF—right (or left) lane change—right (or left), repeat b) Program action
The shift time of each gear is 0.1 s to 0.5 s, the dwell time of each gear is 1 s to 2 s, and the dwell time after each full shift is 5 s to 7 s.
5.17.3 Dimmer switch.
The switch is connected to the load specified by the product-specific specifications or other specified loads, and the test is performed at a rate of 15 times/min to 30 times/min.
Each full conversion cycle includes the following.
Low beam-high beam-low beam-overtaking-low beam.
The shift time of each gear is 0.1 s to 0.5 s, the dwell time of each gear is 1 s to 2 S, and the dwell time after each full shift is 3 s to 5 s.
相关标准:  QC/T 254-2019  QC/T 597.3-2019
   
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