GB/T 38698.2-2023: Download Full-PDF & Invoice in 9 seconds.
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Excerpt from above true-PDF:
GB/T 38698.2-2023
GB
NATIONAL STANDARD OF THE
PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
ICS 43.020
CCS T 09
Recovery of Traction Battery Used in Electric Vehicle -
Management Specification - Part 2: Take-back Service
Network
ISSUED ON: SEPTEMBER 7, 2023
IMPLEMENTED ON: SEPTEMBER 7, 2023
Issued by: State Administration for Market Regulation;
Standardization Administration of the People’s Republic of China.
Table of Contents
Foreword ... 3
Introduction ... 4
1 Scope ... 5
2 Normative References ... 5
3 Terms and Definitions ... 6
4 Construction Requirements ... 8
5 Requirements for Operations ... 10
6 Requirements for Safety, Environmental Protection and Emergency Response ... 13
Appendix A (informative) Technical Indicators of Professional Facilities of Take-back
Service Network ... 15
Appendix B (informative) Operation Procedures of Take-back Service Network ... 17
Bibliography ... 18
Recovery of Traction Battery Used in Electric Vehicle -
Management Specification - Part 2: Take-back Service
Network
1 Scope
This document specifies the construction, operation, safety, environmental protection and
emergency response requirements for the take-back service networks of electric vehicle traction
batteries.
This document is applicable to the construction, management and operation of take-back
service networks for the recycling of waste traction battery packs, modules and cells. Other
types of lithium ion battery take-back service networks, such as: consumption and energy
storage, may take this document as a reference.
This document does not apply to the storage sites for electric vehicle lead-acid batteries.
2 Normative References
The contents of the following documents constitute indispensable clauses of this document
through the normative references in the text. In terms of references with a specified date, only
versions with a specified date are applicable to this document. In terms of references without a
specified date, the latest version (including all the modifications) is applicable to this document.
GB 2894-2008 Safety Signs and Guideline for the Use
GB 15562.2 Graphical Signs for Environmental Protection Solid Waste Storage (disposal) Site
GB 18599 Standard for Pollution Control on the Non-hazardous Industrial Solid Waste Storage
and Landfill
GB/T 19596 Terminology of Electric Vehicles
GB 22128 Technical Specifications for End-of-life Vehicles Recycling and Dismantling
Enterprise
GB/T 26493 Store and Transport Regulation of Battery Scraps
GB/T 26989 Automobile Recovery - Terminology
GB/T 29639 Guidelines for Enterprises to Develop Emergency Response Plan for Work Place
Accidents
GB/T 33598.3 Recovery of Traction Battery Used in Electric Vehicle - Recycling - Part 3:
Specification for Discharging
GB/T 38698.1 Recycling of Traction Battery Used in Electric Vehicle - Management
Specification - Part 1: Packing and Transporting
GB/T 39652.1 Emergency Response Guideline for Transportation of Dangerous Goods - Part
1: General Provisions
GB 50016 Code of Design on Building Fire Protection and Prevention
GB 50140 Code for Design of Extinguisher Distribution in Buildings
WB/T 1061 Management Specification for Waste Secondary Battery Recycling
3 Terms and Definitions
What is defined in GB/T 19596 and GB/T 26989, and the following terms and definitions are
applicable to this document.
3.1 waste and used traction battery
Waste and used traction battery refers to traction battery cells, modules and packs that have lost
their original use value and are scrapped during the processes of research and development,
production, testing, storage, transportation, usage, maintenance, vehicle scrapping and cascade
utilization, etc.
3.2 collect
Collect refers to the process of collecting waste and used traction batteries to the take-back
service networks.
3.3 classification
Classification refers to the process of distinguishing and classifying waste and used traction
batteries based on their characteristics, such as: product type, material system and hazard level,
etc.
3.4 pretreatment
Pretreatment refers to the process of adopting physical operations, such as: cleaning, insulation,
leakage prevention, flame retardancy, thermal insulation and electric discharge, on waste and
used traction batteries.
3.5 storage
Storage refers to the storage activities in the processes of recycling, cascade utilization and
recycling of waste and used traction batteries.
during the processes of collection, classification, storage and packing, etc.
NOTE: in accordance with the scale, facilities and equipment, storage time and management
requirements, there are different types of take-back service network: collection take-back
service network and centralized take-back service network.
3.14 collection take-back service network
Collection take-back service network refers to a take-back service network with certain special-
purpose storage space, facilities and equipment that can temporarily store waste and used
traction batteries.
3.15 centralized take-back service network
Centralized take-back service network refers to a take-back service network with a relatively
large special-purpose storage space, and relatively perfect facilities and equipment that can
store waste and used traction batteries for a relatively long time.
4 Construction Requirements
4.1 Requirements for Site Selection
4.1.1 For the collection take-back service networks (hereinafter referred to as “collection
networks”), the site selection should be set in maintenance service outlets, battery swap stations,
scrapped motor vehicle recycling and dismantling enterprises, etc.
4.1.2 For the centralized take-back service networks (hereinafter referred to as “centralized
networks”), the site selection shall comply with the relevant requirements of GB 18599 and GB
50016, and maintain a fire separation distance of at least 20 m from civil buildings.
4.2 Requirements for Site Construction
4.2.1 Requirements for networks
4.2.1.1 The network shall reserve fire-fighting access and driving lanes for vehicles transporting
waste and used traction batteries, and its architectural structure should consider the impact on
the surrounding environment and residents.
4.2.1.2 The network shall set the site area and environmental conditions in accordance with the
network type. Storage, pretreatment and office space shall be separately set up, with clear
boundaries and signs between different functional areas. The office space shall not be in the
same functional area as the storage and pretreatment site.
4.2.1.3 The floors of the storage and pretreatment site shall be paved with epoxy flooring or be
hardened, and subject to anti-corrosion, anti-seepage and insulation treatments. In accordance
with the relevant requirements of GB 2894-2008, safety warning signs shall be set; in
accordance with the relevant requirements of GB 15562.2, solid waste signs shall be set; yellow
marking lines shall be set on the ground, and signs of No Override shall be pasted on operating
equipment and fire-fighting equipment.
4.2.1.4 The site of the network should be built on the first floor. If it is built on the second floor
or above, the load-bearing capacity of the floor shall be ensured, and there shall be a freight
elevator. Meanwhile, it shall be kept ventilated and dry, and protected from moisture, dust, high
temperature and light. The temperature of the storage site shall be maintained within the range
of 20 C ~ 40 C.
4.2.1.5 The network shall set up indicative information in a prominent position in the business
premise, and the content shall include the words “Take-back Service Network for Waste and
Used Traction Battery”, and set up guiding information of schematic diagrams of operational
process specifications inside the network, such as: schematic diagram of storage operations and
schematic diagram of waste liquid collection and treatment operations, etc.
4.2.2 Requirements for collection networks
4.2.2.1 The plant of the collection networks should not be lower than Class C requirements, and
the fire resistance level should not be lower than Level-3.
4.2.2.2 The storage site area of the collection networks shall not be lower than 10 m2, and the
storage capacity of waste and used traction batteries shall not exceed 5 t.
4.2.3 Requirements for centralized networks
4.2.3.1 Centralized networks shall be designed in accordance with the relevant requirements of
GB 50016 in terms of plant type, fire resistance level, safe evacuation and fire separation
distances, etc. The plant shall not be lower than Class C requirements, and the fire resistance
level should not be lower than Level-2. Solid walls shall be adopted to separate it from the
external space, and the storage site shall not be located in underground space.
4.2.3.2 The relative humidity of the storage site of the centralized networks shall not exceed
85%.
4.2.3.3 The storage capacity of waste and used traction batteries of the centralized networks
shall not be lower than 30 t. The storage site area and fire-fighting safety facilities shall match
the storage capacity.
4.3 Requirements for Facilities and Equipment
4.3.1 The network shall be equipped with safety assessment equipment, safety protection and
rescue equipment, and insulation auxiliary tools in accordance with the relevant requirements
of GB 22128.
4.3.2 The network shall be equipped with infrastructures, such as: handling tools, storage racks,
information collection tools, waste liquid collection equipment, and temperature and humidity
monitoring devices, etc. The facilities shall satisfy the following requirements:
leakage shall be packed in insulated, leak-proof and corrosion-resistant containers; waste and
used traction batteries with safety hazards shall be immediately immersed in the brine pools
(tanks) or placed in a safety case for safe handling.
5.1.3 If the collection process involves the packing and transportation of waste and used traction
batteries, they shall be packed and transported to the network in accordance with the relevant
requirements of GB/T 38698.1.
5.1.4 If the network disassembles and recycles the traction batteries before the enterprises
recycling and dismantling scrapped motor vehicles, it shall take the initiative to issue a
recycling certificate to the owner of the new energy vehicle.
5.2 Requirements for Classification
The network shall classify waste and used traction batteries into Class A waste and used traction
batteries, Class B waste and used traction batteries and Class C waste and used traction batteries
in accordance with GB/T 38698.1 based on the characteristics of the waste and used traction
batteries, such as: material type and hazard level, etc.
5.3 Requirements for Discharging
If discharge operations are performed, they shall comply with the relevant requirements of
GB/T 33598.3, among which, Class B and Class C waste and used traction batteries shall not
be discharged through the on-board systems.
5.4 Requirements for Storage
5.4.1 The network shall carry out the storage of waste and used traction batteries in accordance
with the requirements of WB/T 1061 and GB/T 26493.
5.4.2 The network shall adopt different storage modes to store waste and used traction batteries
in accordance with the classification results of waste and used traction batteries. During storage,
the following requirements shall be satisfied.
---Cut-off storage shall be adopted between Class A waste and used traction batteries and
Class B waste and used traction batteries; segregated storage shall be adopted between
Class C waste and used traction batteries.
---Segregated storage shall be adopted among Class A, Class B and Class C waste and used
traction batteries. If safety cannot be guaranteed by segregated storage, detached
storage shall be adopted.
---Waste and used traction batteries in the form of single cells or modules shall also be
separated by buffer insulating materials.
---The storage mode of waste and used traction batteries shall comply with the regulations
in table 1.
6 Requirements for Safety, Environmental Protection and
Emergency Response
6.1 Safety Requirements
6.1.1 The network shall install ventilation facilities and be equipped with fire-fighting
equipment, such as: fire-fighting sandboxes, fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, fire sprinkler
systems and smoke alarm devices, etc. The centralized networks shall also be equipped with a
security monitoring system for 24-h real-time monitoring, and should be equipped with the
function of infrared thermal imaging monitoring. He quantity and type of fire-fighting
equipment shall comply with the requirements of GB 50140.
6.1.2 The network shall formulate standardized operation procedures and corresponding
operating system documents based on the actual situation of the enterprise. The operation
procedures are shown in Appendix B. The operating personnel shall conduct safety
management and technical operations in accordance with regulatory system documents, and
wear safety protective equipment when engaging in professional operations. Special operating
personnel shall obtain corresponding qualifications, for example, a special operation certificate
for low-voltage electrical work, receive pre-employment training and regular training, and take
up their posts after passing the assessment.
6.1.3 The network shall establish a safety management system and employee operation safety
training management system, and be equipped with necessary safety management personnel.
The safety management personnel shall be trained to master knowledge concerning fire
protection, and characteristics and disposal of waste and used traction batteries.
6.1.4 The network shall establish a self-check and self-inspection management system, clarify
the specific requirements for the self-check and self-inspection, and promptly rectify the
existing problems.
6.2 Requirements for Environmental Protection
The network shall establish an environmental protection management system, and be equipped
with the capabilities of collecting and storing liquid and waste of damaged, waste and used
traction batteries, etc. After storage, the network shall perform a standardized handover to
professional institutions for environmental friendly and harmless disposal, and shall not
arbitrarily discard or landfill it.
6.3 Requirements for Emergency Response
6.3.1 The network shall formulate a safety and environmental protection emergency plan in
accordance with the requirements of GB/T 29639, establish an emergency management system,
and be equipped with the capabilities of safety and environmental protection emergency
response.
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