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GB/T 42513.1-2023英文版

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GB/T 42513.1-2023 英文版 2239 购买全文 有发票,[PDF]天数 <=3 镍合金化学分析方法 第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法 GBT 42513.1-2023
标准编号: GB/T 42513.1-2023 (GB/T42513.1-2023)
中文名称: 镍合金化学分析方法 第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法
英文名称: Methods for chemical analysis of nickel alloys -- Part 1: Determination of chromium content -- Potentiometric titration method with ammonium iron(II) sulfate
行业: 国家标准 (推荐)
中标分类: H13
国际标准分类: 77.120.40
字数估计: 15,124
发布日期: 2023-05-23
实施日期: 2023-12-01
起草单位: 酒泉钢铁(集团)有限责任公司、北矿检测技术股份有限公司、国标(北京)检验认证有限公司、深圳市中金岭南有色金属股份有限公司、广西壮族自治区分析测试研究中心、山西太钢不锈钢股份有限公司、广东省科学院工业分析检测中心、福建紫金矿冶测试技术有限公司、甘肃宏基检测有限公司
归口单位: 全国有色金属标准化技术委员会(SAC/TC 243)
提出机构: 中国有色金属工业协会
发布机构: 国家市场监督管理总局、国家标准化管理委员会

GB/T 42513.1-2023: 镍合金化学分析方法 第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法
ICS 77.120.40
CCSH13
中华人民共和国国家标准
镍合金化学分析方法
第1部分:铬含量的测定
硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法
2023-05-03发布 2023-12-01实施
国 家 市 场 监 督 管 理 总 局
国 家 标 准 化 管 理 委 员 会 发 布
前言
本文件按照GB/T 1.1-2020《标准化工作导则 第1部分:标准化文件的结构和起草规则》的规定
起草。
本文件是GB/T 42513《镍合金化学分析方法》的第1部分。GB/T 42513已经发布了以下部分:
---第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法。
本文件修改采用ISO 7529:2017《镍合金 铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法》。本文件与
ISO 7529:2017相比在结构上有较多调整,附录A中列出了本文件与ISO 7529:2017的结构编号对照
一览表。
本文件与ISO 7529:2017相比存在技术性差异,在所涉及的条款的外侧页边空白位置用垂直单线
(|)进行了标示。这些技术差异及其原因一览表见附录B。
本文件做了下列最小限度的编辑性改动:
---为与现有标准协调,将标准名称改为《镍合金化学分析方法 第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚
铁铵电位滴定法》。
请注意本文件的某些内容可能涉及专利。本文件的发布机构不承担识别专利的责任。
本文件由中国有色金属工业协会提出。
本文件由全国有色金属标准化技术委员会(SAC/TC243)归口。
本文件起草单位:酒泉钢铁(集团)有限责任公司、北矿检测技术股份有限公司、国标(北京)检验认
证有限公司、深圳市中金岭南有色金属股份有限公司、广西壮族自治区分析测试研究中心、山西太钢不
锈钢股份有限公司、广东省科学院工业分析检测中心、福建紫金矿冶测试技术有限公司、甘肃宏基检测
有限公司。
本文件主要起草人:葛树海、康开斌、朱贤学、王蕾、朱卫华、庄丽丽、阮桂色、李凤艳、张瑜、陈桂鸾、
谭秀丽、许洁瑜、孔海英、马振元、陈雄飞、潘扬昌、林英玲、廖桂平、许业峰、黄一帆、芦俊雅。
引 言
镍合金普遍用于仪器仪表、电子通信、压力容器、耐蚀装置,广泛用于航天航空以及高端特殊用途的
机器设备制造等工业,是工业发展重要的金属原料之一。铬是镍合金中重要成分,其含量决定了镍合金
的性能,从而产生了各种用途的产品,镍合金中铬含量的测定对镍合金的生产和使用具有重要意义。镍
合金化学分析方法国际标准已经存在数十年,随着我国工业进步,对高端金属材料镍合金的生产和进出
口需求增大,为此,将国际标准转化为国家标准对助力有色工业发展升级和国内制造业发展具有重要意
义。GB/T 42513旨在建立一套完整且切实可行的检验镍合金中铬、磷、铌、钼、铝、钒、硅、钴、铜等元素
的标准方法,转化以下国际标准:
---ISO 7592:2017镍合金 铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法;
---ISO 9388:1992镍合金 磷含量的测定 钼蓝分子吸收光谱法;
---ISO 7530-1:2015镍合金 火焰原子吸收光谱分析 第1部分:钴、铬、铜、铁和锰的测定;
---ISO 11435:2011镍合金 钼含量的测定 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法;
---ISO 7530-7:1992镍合金 火焰原子吸收光谱分析 第7部分:铝含量的测定;
---ISO 7530-8:1992镍合金 火焰原子吸收光谱分析 第8部分:硅含量的测定;
---ISO 7530-9:1993镍合金 火焰原子吸收光谱分析 第9部分:钒含量的测定;
---ISO 22033:2011镍合金 铌含量的测定 电感耦合等离子体/原子发射光谱法;
---ISO 11436:1993镍和镍合金 总硼含量的测定 姜黄分子吸收光谱法。
GB/T 42513拟由9个部分组成:
---第1部分:铬含量的测定 硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法。目的在于确立镍合金中铬含量的测定
方法。
---第2部分:磷含量的测定 钼蓝分光光度法。目的在于确立镍合金中磷含量的测定方法。
---第3部分:钴、铬、铜、铁和锰含量的测定 火焰原子吸收光谱法。目的在于确立镍合金中钴、
铬、铜、铁和锰含量的测定方法。
---第4部分:钼含量的测定 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法。目的在于确立镍合金中钼含
量的测定方法。
---第5部分:铝含量测定 氧化亚氮-火焰原子吸收光谱法和电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱
法。目的在于确立镍合金中铝含量的测定方法。
---第6部分:硅含量测定 氧化亚氮-火焰原子吸收光谱法和钼蓝分光光度法。目的在于确立镍
合金中硅含量的测定方法。
---第7部分:钒含量测定 氧化亚氮-火焰原子吸收光谱法和电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱
法。目的在于确立镍合金中钒含量的测定方法。
---第8部分:铌含量的测定 电感耦合等离子体原子发射光谱法。目的在于确立镍合金中铌含
量的测定方法。
---第9部分:总硼含量的测定 姜黄素分光光度法。目的在于确立镍合金中总硼含量的测定
方法。
本文件可以确保国家标准的先进性,促进我国镍合金检测技术的进步,保证行业从业人员在生产、
应用、科研、检测过程中有标准可依,填补我国在镍合金中铬含量的测定化学分析方法的空白。
镍合金化学分析方法
第1部分:铬含量的测定
硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法
警告---使用本文件的人员应有正规实验室工作实践经验。本文件并未指出所有可能的安全问
题。使用者有责任采取适当的安全和健康措施,并保证符合国家有关法规规定的条件。
1 范围
本文件描述了硫酸亚铁铵电位滴定法测定镍合金中铬含量的方法。
本文件适用于镍合金中铬含量的测定,测定范围(质量分数)1.00%~22.00%。
本文件不适用于含不溶性碳化铬的镍合金检测。
2 规范性引用文件
下列文件中的内容通过文中的规范性引用而构成本文件必不可少的条款。其中注日期的引用文
本文件。
GB/T 12805 实验室玻璃仪器 滴定管 (GB/T 12805-2011,ISO 385:2005,NEQ)
GB/T 12806 实验室玻璃仪器 单标线容量瓶(GB/T 12806-2011,ISO 1042:1998,NEQ)
GB/T 12808 实验室玻璃仪器 单标线吸量管
3 术语和定义
本文件没有需要界定的术语和定义。
4 原理
试料用盐酸、硝酸溶解,硫酸或硫磷混酸冒烟驱尽氯离子,水溶解盐类。以硝酸银为催化剂,用过硫
酸铵将铬氧化至铬(Ⅵ),煮沸去除过量的过硫酸盐,稀盐酸还原锰(Ⅶ)。用硫酸亚铁铵标准溶液滴定铬
含钒试样,依据准确测定获得的钒含量,用理论计算法校正钒的干扰。
5 试剂
除非另有说明,在分析过程中仅使用认可的分析纯试剂以及蒸馏水或相当纯度的水。
5.1 过硫酸铵。
5.2 盐酸,ρ=1.19g/mL。
5.3 硝酸,ρ=1.41g/mL。
5.4 硫酸,ρ=1.84g/mL。

GB/T 42513:1-2023: Chemical Analysis Methods of Nickel Alloys Part 1: Determination of Chromium Content Potentiometric Titration Method of Ammonium Ferrous Sulfate
ICS 77:120:40
CCSH13
National Standards of People's Republic of China
Chemical Analysis Methods of Nickel Alloys
Part 1: Determination of chromium content
Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Potentiometric Titration
Released on 2023-05-03 Implemented on 2023-12-01
State Administration for Market Regulation
Released by the National Standardization Management Committee
foreword
This document is in accordance with the provisions of GB/T 1:1-2020 "Guidelines for Standardization Work Part 1: Structure and Drafting Rules for Standardization Documents"
drafting:
This document is part 1 of GB/T 42513 "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel Alloys": GB/T 42513 has issued the following parts:
--- Part 1: Determination of chromium content Potentiometric ferrous ammonium sulfate titration method:
This document is modified to adopt ISO 7529:2017 "Determination of Chromium Content in Nickel Alloys by Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Potentiometric Titration": This document is related to
Compared with ISO 7529:2017, there are many structural adjustments: Appendix A lists the structure number comparison between this document and ISO 7529:2017
list:
There are technical differences between this document and ISO 7529:2017, and a vertical single line is used in the outer margin of the terms involved
(|) are marked: See Appendix B for a list of these technical differences and their causes:
The following minimal editorial changes have been made to this document:
--- In order to coordinate with the existing standards, the name of the standard is changed to "Methods for Chemical Analysis of Nickel Alloys Part 1: Determination of Chromium Content Sulfuric acid
Ferric Ammonium Potentiometric Titration":
Please note that some contents of this document may refer to patents: The issuing agency of this document assumes no responsibility for identifying patents:
This document is proposed by China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association:
This document is under the jurisdiction of the National Nonferrous Metals Standardization Technical Committee (SAC/TC243):
This document is drafted by: Jiuquan Iron and Steel (Group) Co:, Ltd:, Beikuang Testing Technology Co:, Ltd:, National Standard (Beijing) Inspection Certification
Securities Co:, Ltd:, Shenzhen Zhongjin Lingnan Nonferrous Metals Co:, Ltd:, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Analysis and Testing Research Center, Shanxi Taigang
Rust Steel Co:, Ltd:, Guangdong Academy of Sciences Industrial Analysis and Testing Center, Fujian Zijin Mining and Metallurgy Testing Technology Co:, Ltd:, Gansu Hongji Testing
Ltd:
The main drafters of this document: Ge Shuhai, Kang Kaibin, Zhu Xianxue, Wang Lei, Zhu Weihua, Zhuang Lili, Ruan Guise, Li Fengyan, Zhang Yu, Chen Guiluan,
Tan Xiuli, Xu Jieyu, Kong Haiying, Ma Zhenyuan, Chen Xiongfei, Pan Yangchang, Lin Yingling, Liao Guiping, Xu Yefeng, Huang Yifan, Lu Junya:
introduction
Nickel alloys are widely used in instruments and meters, electronic communications, pressure vessels, corrosion-resistant devices, and are widely used in aerospace and high-end special-purpose
Machinery and equipment manufacturing and other industries are one of the important metal raw materials for industrial development: Chromium is an important component in nickel alloys, and its content determines the
The performance of nickel alloys has produced products with various uses: The determination of chromium content in nickel alloys is of great significance to the production and use of nickel alloys: nickel
International standards for alloy chemical analysis methods have existed for decades: With the progress of my country's industry, the production and import of nickel alloys
Therefore, the transformation of international standards into national standards is of great significance to help the development and upgrading of the non-ferrous industry and the development of the domestic manufacturing industry:
righteous: GB/T 42513 aims to establish a complete and practicable set of tests for chromium, phosphorus, niobium, molybdenum, aluminum, vanadium, silicon, cobalt, copper and other elements in nickel alloys
standard method, transformed into the following international standards:
---ISO 7592:2017 Determination of chromium content in nickel alloys - ferrous ammonium sulfate potentiometric titration method;
---ISO 9388:1992 Determination of Phosphorus Content in Nickel Alloy Molybdenum Blue Molecular Absorption Spectrometry;
--- ISO 7530-1:2015 Flame atomic absorption spectroscopic analysis of nickel alloys Part 1: Determination of cobalt, chromium, copper, iron and manganese;
---ISO 11435:2011 Determination of Molybdenum Content in Nickel Alloys Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry;
---ISO 7530-7:1992 Flame atomic absorption spectroscopic analysis of nickel alloys - Part 7: Determination of aluminum content;
---ISO 7530-8:1992 Flame atomic absorption spectroscopic analysis of nickel alloys - Part 8: Determination of silicon content;
---ISO 7530-9:1993 Nickel Alloy Flame Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy Part 9: Determination of Vanadium Content;
---ISO 22033:2011 Determination of Niobium Content in Nickel Alloys Inductively Coupled Plasma/Atomic Emission Spectrometry;
---ISO 11436:1993 Determination of total boron content in nickel and nickel alloys Curcuma molecular absorption spectrometry:
GB/T 42513 is proposed to consist of 9 parts:
--- Part 1: Determination of chromium content Potentiometric ferrous ammonium sulfate titration method: The purpose is to establish the determination of chromium content in nickel alloy
method:
--- Part 2: Determination of phosphorus content Molybdenum blue spectrophotometry: The purpose is to establish the determination method of phosphorus content in nickel alloy:
--- Part 3: Determination of cobalt, chromium, copper, iron and manganese content flame atomic absorption spectrometry: The purpose is to establish the cobalt,
Method for determination of chromium, copper, iron and manganese content:
--- Part 4: Determination of molybdenum content Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry: The purpose is to establish the content of molybdenum in nickel alloy
Quantitative method:
--- Part 5: Determination of aluminum content Nitrous oxide - flame atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry
Law: The purpose is to establish the determination method of aluminum content in nickel alloy:
--- Part 6: Determination of silicon content Nitrous oxide - flame atomic absorption spectrometry and molybdenum blue spectrophotometry: The purpose is to establish the nickel
Method for determination of silicon content in alloys:
--- Part 7: Determination of vanadium content Nitrous oxide - flame atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry
Law: The purpose is to establish the determination method of vanadium content in nickel alloy:
--- Part 8: Determination of niobium content Inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry: The purpose is to establish the content of niobium in nickel alloy
Quantitative method:
--- Part 9: Determination of total boron content Curcumin spectrophotometry: The purpose is to establish the determination of total boron content in nickel alloy
method:
This document can ensure the advanced nature of national standards, promote the progress of my country's nickel alloy detection technology, and ensure that industry practitioners are in production,
There are standards to follow in the process of application, scientific research, and testing, and it fills the gap in the chemical analysis method for the determination of chromium content in nickel alloys in my country:
Chemical Analysis Methods of Nickel Alloys
Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Potentiometric Titration
WARNING --- Personnel using this document should have formal laboratory work experience: This document does not address all possible security issues
question: It is the user's responsibility to take appropriate safety and health measures and ensure compliance with the conditions stipulated in the relevant national laws and regulations:
1 Scope
This document describes a method for the determination of chromium in nickel alloys by potentiometric titration of ferrous ammonium sulfate:
This document is applicable to the determination of chromium content in nickel alloy, the determination range (mass fraction) 1:00% ~ 22:00%:
This document does not apply to the detection of nickel alloys containing insoluble chromium carbides:
2 Normative references
The contents of the following documents constitute the essential provisions of this document through normative references in the text: dated citations
this document:
GB/T 12805 Laboratory glass instrument burettes (GB/T 12805-2011, ISO 385:2005, NEQ)
GB/T 12806 Laboratory Glass Instruments Single Marked Line Volumetric Flasks (GB/T 12806-2011, ISO 1042:1998, NEQ)
GB/T 12808 Laboratory glassware single-marked pipette
3 Terms and Definitions
This document does not have terms and definitions that need to be defined:
4 principles
Dissolve the sample with hydrochloric acid or nitric acid, smoke from sulfuric acid or sulfur-phosphorus mixed acid to drive away chloride ions, and dissolve salts in water: Catalyst with silver nitrate and persulfur
Ammonium acid oxidizes chromium to chromium (VI), boils to remove excess persulfate, and dilute hydrochloric acid reduces manganese (VII): Titration of Chromium with Ferrous Ammonium Sulfate Standard Solution
For samples containing vanadium, based on the vanadium content obtained through accurate measurement, the interference of vanadium was corrected by theoretical calculation:
5 reagents
Unless otherwise stated, only approved reagents of analytical grade and distilled water or water of equivalent purity were used during the analysis:
5:1 Ammonium persulfate:
5:2 Hydrochloric acid, ρ=1:19g/mL:
5:3 Nitric acid, ρ=1:41g/mL:
5:4 Sulfuric acid, ρ=1:84g/mL:
   
相关标准:  GB/T 42513.2-2023  GB/T 42513.3-2023
 
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